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Diversity of methanotrophic organisms evaluation on soils of the Brazilian Amazonian community

Grant number: 16/18141-8
Support type:Scholarships in Brazil - Scientific Initiation
Effective date (Start): October 01, 2016
Effective date (End): September 30, 2018
Field of knowledge:Agronomical Sciences - Agronomy - Soil Science
Cooperation agreement: NSF - Dimensions of Biodiversity and BIOTA
Principal researcher:Fernando Dini Andreote
Grantee:Luana Bresciani
Home Institution: Escola Superior de Agricultura Luiz de Queiroz (ESALQ). Universidade de São Paulo (USP). Piracicaba , SP, Brazil
Associated research grant:14/50320-4 - Dimensions US-BIOTA - São Paulo: collaborative research: integrating dimensions of microbial biodiversity across land use change in tropical forests, AP.BTA.TEM

Abstract

The Amazon forest represents an enormous importance of biodiversity and biome balance. However, in the last decades, the anthropic activities have increased causing a vast decrease of resident biodiversity. A couple of consequences about these changes are in the hydrological cycles, in the global temperature and in the released greenhouse gases, as methane. The methane is a compost that participates in soil biochemical cycles, especially in the carbon cycles where it acts in several vital processes as an important energetic molecule. An aggravating ambient issue that is currently known is an imbalance between the methane produced and the methane consumed. This project has as target to analyze the functional diversity of methanotrophic organisms in the amazon soil comparing Primary forest, Secondary forest, and pastures areas. The analysis methods will be grounded in independent strategies cultivation, as molecules techniques, that will allow the construction of a representative genetic database of the studied organisms. Accordingly, it is expected that this project could improve the knowledge about methanotrophic organisms in amazon soil and the development of new technologies. (AU)