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The public opinion as a determinant in the formulation of Brazilian Foreign Policy: an analysis from the regional role

Grant number: 16/18514-9
Support type:Scholarships in Brazil - Doctorate
Effective date (Start): January 01, 2017
Effective date (End): July 31, 2019
Field of knowledge:Humanities - Political Science - International Politics
Principal Investigator:Janina Onuki
Grantee:Arthur Felipe Murta Rocha Soares
Home Institution: Instituto de Relações Internacionais (IRI). Universidade de São Paulo (USP). São Paulo , SP, Brazil
Associated research grant:13/04495-4 - Brazil, the Americas and the world: public opinion and foreign policy in 2013, AP.TEM
Associated scholarship(s):18/17933-3 - Public opinion and foreign policy: Brazilian perceptions on regional integration in South America, BE.EP.DR

Abstract

The growing Brazilian participation in the international arena awakened, gradually, a greater interest from the public opinion to the debate about the development and implementation of foreign policy in Brazil. The public discussion was strengthened with the beginning of Lula's government in 2003, which sought in the international insertion of Brazil and in the foreign partnerships a way to increase its prestige, both at domestic and global level. However, since the beginning of Dilma's government in 2011, there is an emptying of support arising from the public opinion regarding the external action of Brazil, which has assumed an ever more instrumental character, maintaining just a rhetoric and a low profile in the regional performance. In this sense, this research aims to analyze the interaction between the national public opinion on foreign policy issues and the formulation of such a policy during the both governments Lula da Silva's (2003-2010) and Dilma Rousseff's (2011-2016), at the domestic level as well as in their regional insertion. It is believed that the public opinion is constituted as a domestic determinant in the formulation, implementation and maintenance of Brazilian foreign policy. The methodology proposed to this research is based on the survey of the project Las Americas y el Mundo, conducted in seven Latin American countries. The Brazilian segment databases (2011 and 2015) of the project will enable a comparative analysis of the different perceptions of public opinion about the foreign policy issues, during Lula's and Dilma's governments.