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Vinasse as soil amendment: assessment of soil and groundwater contamination

Grant number: 18/15739-5
Support type:Scholarships abroad - Research Internship - Doctorate
Effective date (Start): November 01, 2018
Effective date (End): September 30, 2019
Field of knowledge:Physical Sciences and Mathematics - Chemistry - Analytical Chemistry
Principal researcher:Nelson Ramos Stradiotto
Grantee:Josiel José da Silva
Supervisor abroad: Mira Petrovic
Home Institution: Instituto de Química (IQ). Universidade Estadual Paulista (UNESP). Campus de Araraquara. Araraquara , SP, Brazil
Research place: Institut Català de Recerca de l'Aigua (ICRA), Spain  
Associated to the scholarship:16/06352-4 - Antibiotics in fuel ethanol production: analysis, dispersion in the environment and effects on vinasse biodigestion, BP.DR

Abstract

Organic residues from agroindustry have been used as soil amendments for a long time, being manure and vinasse two important examples. Vinasse is a liquid waste from distillation step in ethanol fuel production in Brazil and is widely used in fertigation of sugarcane crops. Vinasse contains a great amount of water, minerals and organic matter, so it is a source of nutrients and water to soil. On the other hand, its use as fertilizer can lead to the contamination of soil, rivers and groundwater with undesirable substances. Among them, antibiotics are the groups of contaminants of major risk and concern. Thus, it is necessary to assess the potential environmental risks associated with the fertigation with vinasse to better understand the risks posed by this agricultural practice. In this project we aim at determining the antibiotic residues (i.e. penicillin G, monensin A, salinomycin, virginiamycin S1 and M1, and tetracycline) in soil and groundwater samples from areas that were fertigated by vinasse (targeted analysis) and compare the use of vinasse and manure as fertilizers, in terms of contamination potential. Besides that, it is also proposed to perform a non-target screening approach to both identify other relevant organic contaminants present in vinasse, soil and groundwater and to characterize the dissolved organic matter (DOM) of vinasse and groundwater to identify if fertigation has been a source of contamination (untargeted analysis). The technique Ultra High-Performance Liquid Chromatography (UHPLC) coupled to Quadrupole Linear Ion Trap (QqLIT) will be used to perform the targeted analysis and UHPLC coupled to High Resolution Mass Spectrometry (HRMS) will be used for untargeted analysis.

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Scientific publications
(References retrieved automatically from Web of Science and SciELO through information on FAPESP grants and their corresponding numbers as mentioned in the publications by the authors)
DA SILVA, JOSIEL JOSE; DA SILVA, BIANCA FERREIRA; STRADIOTTO, NELSON RAMOS; PETROVIC, MIRA; GROS, MERITXELL; GAGO-FERRERO, PABLO. Identification of organic contaminants in vinasse and in soil and groundwater from fertigated sugarcane crop areas using target and suspect screening strategies. Science of The Total Environment, v. 761, . (18/15739-5, 16/06352-4)
DA SILVA, JOSIEL JOSE; DA SILVA, BIANCA FERREIRA; STRADIOTTO, NELSON RAMOS; PETROVIC, MIRA; GAGO-FERRERO, PABLO; GROS, MERITXELL. Pressurized Liquid Extraction (PLE) and QuEChERS evaluation for the analysis of antibiotics in agricultural soils. METHODSX, v. 7, . (16/06352-4, 18/15739-5)

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