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Changes in soil chemical attributes and production of silage and forage in an crop-livestock integration system

Grant number: 18/10916-6
Support type:Scholarships in Brazil - Scientific Initiation
Effective date (Start): September 01, 2018
Effective date (End): August 31, 2019
Field of knowledge:Agronomical Sciences - Agronomy
Principal Investigator:Juliano Carlos Calonego
Grantee:Maria Elisa Zuin
Home Institution: Faculdade de Ciências Agronômicas (FCA). Universidade Estadual Paulista (UNESP). Campus de Botucatu. Botucatu , SP, Brazil

Abstract

Crop system production involving plant for silage and forage can lead to impoverishment of soil fertility. The inclusion of legume species in integrated crop-livestock system (ICLs) under no-tillage (NT), mainly in consortium or rotation with forage species, like Panicum and Urochloa, is important to increase the N contribution in the soil, via biological fixation of the atmospheric N, because ICLs are still limited by the N deficiency, with high dependence on the use of nitrogen fertilizer. In addition, the grazing intensity may affect the conservation of soil physical and chemical properties. The objective of this work will be to evaluate the yield of black oats forage, the straw production, the silage production by soybean with aruana grass, the soil chemical attributes and root growth of the crops, and the soil resistance penetration depending of the intense or moderate grazing of black oats by lambs, or without grazing, in autumn-winter in areas with differentiated corn consortium histories for silage production. The research will be conducted at the College of Agricultural Sciences, São Paulo State University, Botucatu, São Paulo State, Brazil, between 2018 and 2019. The experimental design will be a randomized complete block experimental design in a split-plot arrangement with for replications. The plots will be consisted of the two modalities of growing maize for silage: in a simultaneous consortium with marandu grass and in a simultaneous consortium with marandu grass and pigeon pea. The growing maize for silage was done in the 2014/2015, 2015/2016, 2016/2017 and 2017/2018 seasons. The subplots (3) will be consisted of 2 graze heights of black oats (0,15 and 0,30 m of the soil) by lambs between June to October of 2018, or for the treatment without graze. In the summer season 2018/2019 will be grown the soybean in consortium with grass-aruana in total area. We will evaluate the amount of pasture and silage produced, the soil chemical attributes, the soil resistance penetration and the roots grown of the crops. The results will be submitted to analysis of variance (F test) and the means will be compared by means of the LSD t test (pd0.05).