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The Persian in the Greek sources: the otherness in Aeschylus' tragedy the Persians and in the iconographic representations

Grant number: 18/16287-0
Support type:Scholarships in Brazil - Scientific Initiation
Effective date (Start): November 01, 2018
Effective date (End): October 31, 2019
Field of knowledge:Humanities - History - Ancient and Medieval History
Principal researcher:Pedro Paulo Abreu Funari
Grantee:Amabile Helena Zanco
Home Institution: Instituto de Filosofia e Ciências Humanas (IFCH). Universidade Estadual de Campinas (UNICAMP). Campinas , SP, Brazil

Abstract

Since ancient times, the Orient is object from the eye of the Occident, which determined the elaboration of otherness relations between the different populations that inhabited both regions in the course of time. In the first half of the fifth century BC, the Hellas watched a conflict that was determinant for the construction of your people's identity and your otherness discourse, the Persians Wars or Greco-Persian Wars (490-479 BC), persian incursion that ended on your own defeat.We can see on the sources of the fifth century a transformation in the way which the greeks reacted to the persians. In this moment, the concept of barbaric begins to be related to the non-greek, and the barbaric per excellency acquire a ethnicity, the persian, and a territory, the Asia. The barbaric begin to differ from the greeks for various characteristics, as the monarchy system, submission, clothes, language, weaponry, and others.The research propose the study of the way how the greeks represented this "other", the Persian, to themselves, analyzing the tragedy The persians (472 BC) by Aeschylus and the persians representations in the material culture, in accord with the studies available about the otherness.

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