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Anxiety, depression, self-esteem, and self-efficacy in students at the beginning of the nursing graduation course

Grant number: 18/14743-9
Support type:Scholarships in Brazil - Scientific Initiation
Effective date (Start): November 01, 2018
Effective date (End): October 31, 2019
Field of knowledge:Health Sciences - Nursing
Principal researcher:Daniele Alcala Pompeo
Grantee:Heloísa Eleotério de Melo
Home Institution: Faculdade de Medicina de São José do Rio Preto (FAMERP). Secretaria de Desenvolvimento Econômico (São Paulo - Estado). São José do Rio Preto , SP, Brazil


Undergraduate students in nursing, especially those at the beginning of graduation, experience new, different and challenging situations in their daily lives. They enter a different environment and need to adapt quickly so that they perform well their academic activities and become habituated to sociocultural changes. The objective of this study is to know the profile of our nursing students at the beginning of graduation in relation to their self-esteem, self-efficacy, depression and anxiety and to correlate these variables. Non-experimental, cross-sectional research. It is part of the mother project, quasi-experimental design, entitled "Psychosocial intervention to strengthen self-esteem in students at the beginning of the undergraduate nursing course." All students will participate at the beginning of the nursing course of a state public education institution. Five instruments will be applied: Socio-demographic characterization, Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale, Rosenberg Self-esteem Scale, General and Perceived Self-efficacy Scale, and Nursing Outcomes Classification (NOC) indicators for self-esteem. The characterization data will be analyzed by means of descriptive statistics. To analyze the influence of variables of sample characterization on the self-esteem scores of Rosenberg, self-efficacy, anxiety and depression will be employed t-tests for independent samples and Variance Analysis test with Tukey's multiple comparison test post-hoc. To observe the possible correlations between the anxiety and depression scores, Rosenberg's self-esteem, NOC self-esteem and self-efficacy, with the quantitative variables, the Spearman correlation test will be used.

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Scientific publications
(References retrieved automatically from Web of Science and SciELO through information on FAPESP grants and their corresponding numbers as mentioned in the publications by the authors)
DE MELO, HELOISA ELEOTERIO; GARCIA SEVERIAN, PATRICIA FERNANDES; EID, LETICIA PALOTA; DE SOUZA, MARISE RAMOS; DA CRUZ SEQUEIRA, CARLOS ALBERTO; GIRADE SOUZA, MARIA DA GRACA; POMPEO, DANIELE ALCALA. Impact of anxiety and depression symptoms on perceived self-efficacy in nursing students. Acta Paulista de Enfermagem, v. 34, 2021. Web of Science Citations: 0.

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