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Development of a system for extraction of cellulases produced by solid-state fermentation in packed-bed bioreactor

Grant number: 18/26097-4
Support type:Scholarships in Brazil - Scientific Initiation
Effective date (Start): March 01, 2019
Effective date (End): December 31, 2019
Field of knowledge:Engineering - Chemical Engineering
Principal Investigator:Fernanda Perpétua Casciatori
Grantee:Samuel Pratavieira de Oliveira
Home Institution: Centro de Ciências Exatas e de Tecnologia (CCET). Universidade Federal de São Carlos (UFSCAR). São Carlos , SP, Brazil
Associated research grant:16/10636-8 - From the cell factory to the Biodiesel-Bioethanol integrated biorefinery: a systems approach applied to complex problems in micro and macroscales, AP.BIOEN.TEM

Abstract

Once the technological development of a clean and renewable energy matrix has become strategic for Brazil, the concept of biorefinery has emerged as an industry focused on the production of biofuels. Particularly for biochemical synthesis of second generation ethanol (E2G), cellulolytic enzymes are required, which can be produced in-house by solid state fermentation (SSF), a bioprocess that uses biorefinery byproducts as substrates, which contributes to increasing the viability of E2G production. However, there are still no SSF equipment available in the market, a concern whose solution depends on engineering studies, focusing on bioreactors and upstream and downstream operations. In this context, this Scientific Initiation Project (IC) is proposed integrated to the Regular Research Grant (APR) FAPESP Proc. 2018 / 00996-2, which deals with the development of a SSF packed bed bioreactor operated in pseudo-continuous mode. In order to automate the solid-liquid extraction operation, the first downstream stage to which each module removed from the bioreactor will have to be submitted, the objective of the present Project of IC is to develop a system of extraction of the enzymes secreted into the medium by making water to circulate through the bed cultivated in a cylindrical module identical to that of the bioreactor under development in the abovementioned APR. The case study will be the cultivation of the fungus Myceliophthora thermophila on a substrate composed of sugarcane bagasse and wheat bran (7:3 m/m), packed in a module allocated in between inlet and outlet couplings. At the end of the time of cultivation, the percolation of air will be replaced by the percolation of water, which will be circulated with the help of a pump. As factors, water volume by substrate mass, water flow and circulation time will be tested. The study is unprecedented and may complement a possible patent of the APR bioreactor.