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Fat stigma experiences and how these are built thought the life trajectory of fat women before and after bariatric surgery: a study centered on ethnography

Grant number: 19/00031-0
Support type:Scholarships in Brazil - Post-Doctorate
Effective date (Start): September 01, 2019
Effective date (End): August 31, 2021
Field of knowledge:Health Sciences - Nutrition
Principal Investigator:Fernanda Baeza Scagliusi
Grantee:Mariana Dimitrov Ulian
Home Institution: Faculdade de Saúde Pública (FSP). Universidade de São Paulo (USP). São Paulo , SP, Brazil

Abstract

Nowadays, obesity is considered the main problem of Nutrition in Public Health due to its association with chronic noncommunicable diseases and its high prevalence in developed and developing countries. In this context, stigmatizations and discrimination related to the fat body are also increasing, which are relevant themes for raising ethical, sociocultural and health issues that affect fat people. Among measures to promote weight loss for fat people, bariatric surgery is understood as the only effective method to achieve such a goal. However, its complications seem to be more complex than the success of weight loss. Thus, this study proposes to investigate how women, who undergone bariatric surgery, experienced the construction and reconstruction of their bodies before and after the surgical procedure and also how they dealt with fat stigma experiences at these two moments. Fifteen self-appointed adult and fifteen self-appointed elderly women (totalizing 30 women) who have undergone bariatric surgery will be invited to participate in the study. This research will be centered on ethnography. Thus, through semi-structured individual interviews, participant and non-participant observations, the experiences of the participants with their bodies and the stigma socioculturally constructed from them will be analyzed. Such research seems fundamental to give voice to a population not yet much heard in scientific studies and, thus, can potentially bring data that contribute to the care and improvement of their health.