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Molecular mechanisms involved in cardiovascular changes triggered by fetal excess glucocorticoids

Grant number: 20/09717-9
Support Opportunities:Scholarships in Brazil - Doctorate
Effective date (Start): September 01, 2020
Effective date (End): November 30, 2022
Field of knowledge:Biological Sciences - Physiology - Physiology of Organs and Systems
Principal Investigator:Silvana Auxiliadora Bordin da Silva
Grantee:Frhancielly Shirley Souza Sodré
Host Institution: Instituto de Ciências Biomédicas (ICB). Universidade de São Paulo (USP). São Paulo , SP, Brazil
Associated research grant:13/07607-8 - OCRC - Obesity and Comorbidities Research Center, AP.CEPID


In order to investigate the effects of prenatal treatment with dexamethasone on blood pressure and maternal and offspring cardiac function, and the molecular mechanisms involved in these changes, Caudal Blood Pressure (CBP) of virgin Wistar rats, aged 60 days, will be monitored by tail plethysmography. After completing 90 days, the rats will be randomly assigned to four groups: virgin rats (CTL), virgin rats treated with dexamethasone (D), pregnant rats without treatment (P) and rats treated with dexamethasone during pregnancy (PD). The rats in the P, PD groups will be allocated for mating at the same time, and in the last week of gestation the rats in the PD group will receive 0.2 mg/kg/day of dexamethasone (Decadron) in drinking water. Similar treatment will be given to group D in the same period. After weaning, the CBP of all rats will be monitored again until the 50th week of life. The offspring of control animals and animals treated with dexamethasone, in turn, after reaching 15 weeks of life, will also be subjected to weekly CBP monitoring until they complete 16 weeks (120 days). After this period, the animals' cardiac function will be analyzed by echocardiography. At the end of the experimental protocol, all animals will be euthanized, and blood and heart will be collected for biochemical and molecular analyzes. (AU)

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(References retrieved automatically from Web of Science and SciELO through information on FAPESP grants and their corresponding numbers as mentioned in the publications by the authors)
HECHT, FERNANDA BALLERINI; TEIXEIRA, CAIO JORDAO; DE SOUZA, DAILSON NOGUEIRA; NUNES MESQUITA, FILIPHE DE PAULA; DO VAL ROSO, RYANA ELYZABETH; SODRE, FRHANCIELLY SHIRLEY; VERONESI, VANESSA BARBOSA; DA ROCHA, DEBORAH FABIANA; DANTAS DE MENEZES, YAN GUIDA; PIOLI, MARIANA RODRIGUES; et al. Antenatal corticosteroid therapy modulates hepatic AMPK phosphorylation and maternal lipid metabolism in early lactating rats. BIOMEDICINE & PHARMACOTHERAPY, v. 144, . (19/03196-0, 13/07607-8, 20/09717-9, 16/13138-9, 20/06397-3)

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