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Rehabilitation Services for children using cochlear implants and hearing aids: profile and characterization in the State of São Paulo

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Author(s):
Júlia Speranza Zabeu
Total Authors: 1
Document type: Master's Dissertation
Press: Bauru.
Institution: Universidade de São Paulo (USP). Faculdade de Odontologia de Bauru (FOB/SDB)
Defense date:
Examining board members:
Katia de Freitas Alvarenga; Adriane Lima Mortari Moret; Leandra Tabanez do Nascimento Silva
Advisor: Katia de Freitas Alvarenga
Abstract

Objective: To research aspects that allow the reflection on (re) habilitation of children with hearing impairment after the surgery of cochlear implant (CI) or adaptation of Hearing Aids (HA) in the State of São Paulo. Methodology: A prospective cross-sectional study was conducted in the Departamento de Fonoaudiologia da Faculdade de Odontologia de Bauru and Centro de Pesquisas Audiológicas (CPA) from the Hospital de Reabilitação de Anomalias Craniofaciais, Universidade de São Paulo. At first, it was conducted the survey and the characterization of different services that perform speech therapy focused on the (re) habilitation in the State of São Paulo by the National Register of Health Service Establishments \"(CNES) until April 2013. Fifty seven services attended and they were sent it via email: 1. Questionnaire about \"Net evaluation of Hearing (re)habilitation and skill of their rehabilitators\"; 2. Questionnaire about \"Assessment of quality health services that offer therapy (re) focused on habilitation of children with hearing loss and its functioning from the perspective of the therapist and the manager. The results were analyzed statistical descriptive and qualitatively form, according to each type of services studied. Results: Regarding the characterization of the served population were analyzed 794 children with hearing loss (0-17 years old), mostly in the 5-8 year group, and being that those attended in the Basic Care Service, do not need to travel to receive the (re) habilitation. Aspects were analyzed refer to the electronic devices; data of speech therapy; professional development; service management; infrastructure and network operation. Conclusion: Despite of the limitations found in the information systems, with the study it was possible to portray the services of the State of São Paulo that offer speech therapy to child user of electronic devices (hearing aids and/or CI) population as well as after the identification of these services characterize the profile of these children in a sample of services and to check their quality from the perspective of professionals attending in the care of this population and managers, responsible for administering its operation. (AU)