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Study of chronic cholinergic stimulation with pyridostigmine bromide effect on hemodynamic changes, cardiac autonomic and morphofunctional induced by aerobic exercise in spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR)

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Author(s):
Camila Bálsamo Gardim
Total Authors: 1
Document type: Master's Dissertation
Press: Ribeirão Preto.
Institution: Universidade de São Paulo (USP). Faculdade de Medicina de Ribeirão Preto
Defense date:
Examining board members:
Hugo Celso Dutra de Souza; Evandro José Cesarino; Benedito Honório Machado
Advisor: Hugo Celso Dutra de Souza
Abstract

The objective was to study the hemodynamic changes, autonomic and cardiac morphofunctional in hypertensive rats (SHR) subjected to chronic cholinergic stimulation with two different doses (5 and 15 mg), and associate with the physical training, using different approaches: 1. Assessment tonic autonomic balance, heart rate (HR) by pharmacological blockade with atropine and propranolol; 2. Study of phasic autonomic balance (variability) HR (pulse interval) and blood pressure by spectral analysis; 3. Assessment of baroreflex sensitivity by administration of multiple doses of phenylephrine and random and sodium nitroprusside; 4. Evaluation two-dimensional echocardiography. Therefore, we used 54 rats divided two groups: trained (n = 27) and sedentary (n = 27). The animals trained, gave start to experiment in the 18th week of life, which lasted for 10 weeks; soon after, the rats were placed in treatment pyridostigmine bromide for over 2 weeks, at 30 weeks, the rats were subjected to cannulation surgery for analysis of blood pressure, HR, heart rate variability (HRV) and arterial pressure variability. Antecedent surgery, the rats were brought into the test for dimensional echocardiography analysis of cardiac morfofuncionalidade. Differences were considered statistically significant when p is greater than 5%. The results showed a decrease in SAP, DBP, and MAP, and to decrease the basal HR and HR intrinsic in mice treated with 5 and 15 mg bromide, both sedentary as treated. There was also an increase in NF (MS2) and a decrease in HF (ms2), showing improvement in cardiac autonomic condition. The main findings in morfofuncionalidade suggest an increase in EF, LV, CD, CI and EDV and ESV, and observe an increase in both the area, the thickness of the left ventricle in treated and trained rats. Thus, we can conclude that treatment with pyridostigmine bromide was effective as the hemodynamic values, as some morphological and functional parameters and the cardiac autonomic assessment, suggesting that a good drug therapy for the treatment of hypertension, however, further investigation should It is performed for a better understanding of the effects. Similarly, the physical training promotes beneficial changes to the evaluated parameters, potentiating the action of treatment with acetylcholinesterase inhibitor. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 14/00940-6 - Study of the effect of chronic stimulation cholinergic with pyridostigmine bromide on cardiovascular autonomic adaptations and cardiac morphofunctional induced by physical training aerobic in spontaneously hipertensive rats
Grantee:Camila Balsamo Gardim
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Master