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Echoes of a supposed silence: Landscape and urbanization of the \certoens\ of the North, c.1666-1820

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Damião Esdras Araujo Arraes
Total Authors: 1
Document type: Doctoral Thesis
Press: São Paulo.
Institution: Universidade de São Paulo (USP). Faculdade de Arquitetura e Urbanismo (FAU/SBI)
Defense date:
Examining board members:
Beatriz Piccolotto Siqueira Bueno; Iris Kantor; Paulo César Garcez Marins; Manoel Fernandes de Sousa Neto; Dante Luiz Martins Teixeira
Advisor: Beatriz Piccolotto Siqueira Bueno

The image of the \"emptiness\" has persisted in representing the sertões of the captaincies of the North. It is a void of historical and historiographic construction. The studies and texts of Euclides da Cunha, Capistrano de Abreu and Caio Prado Jr. contemplated this stereotype widely disseminated and sedimented in the usual \"sertão nordestino\" associated with the drought, isolation and rusticity of the urban world. Flowing against these readings, the present thesis seek to demystify the qualifiers of devaluation by deconstructing the idea of emptiness reconstructing the processes of urbanization and the formation of the landscapes of the backlands of \"sertões\" (hinterlands) colonial times. Attention is paid to the long duration with the objective of interpreting the policies of the Portuguese Crown and daily activities materialized in a hierarchical network of settlements structured by missions, chapels, parishes, \"lugares de índios\", \"julgados\", towns and cities. It sheds light on the actors, the network of relationships and social hierarchies, verifying their implications for the transformation of the landscape and the urbanization of these sertões. As a theoretical-methodological contribution, text (hermeneutics) and image (representation) are intertwined to \"pensar con los ojos\" (think with the eyes) - according to the poetic meaning of the Argentine art historian Damián Bayón - in order to fill the gaps that forged the supposed \"silence\" . It is also worth mentioning the multidisciplinarity to clarify the relationship between man and the interiorized zones, not forgetting the geo-referencing programs that led to the production of exemplary thematic maps aimed at locating the settlements in the territory and interpreting the rationale of their geographical position in the social and economic context to which they were inserted. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 13/04404-9 - Weaves social, urban nets: trade and justice in the History of Urbanization of the "Certoens of North" (1675 - 1822).
Grantee:Damião Esdras Araujo Arraes
Support Opportunities: Scholarships in Brazil - Doctorate