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Identification of SNPs in CpG sites located in genomic regions related to production in cattle

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Mariângela Bueno Cordeiro Maldonado
Total Authors: 1
Document type: Doctoral Thesis
Press: Araçatuba. 2017-09-01.
Institution: Universidade Estadual Paulista (Unesp). Faculdade de Medicina Veterinária. Araçatuba
Defense date:
Advisor: Flavia Lombardi Lopes

The aim of this study was to identify single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) potentially subject to epigenetic control exerted by DNA methylation via their involvement in creating, removing or displacement CpG sites (meSNPs) and from this identification create a database for meSNPs, as well as to determine its possible association with CpG islands (CGIs) and the methylation profile of tissues submitted to the methylated-CpG island recovery assay combined with next generation sequencing platforms (MIRA-seq) in cattle. Using the variant annotations for SNPs identified in Run5 of the 1000 bull genomes project and the UMD3.1.1 bovine reference genome sequence assembly, we identified and classified 12,836,763 meSNPs according to the pattern of variation caused at the CpG site. We have also analyzed the genomic distribution of the meSNPs, with the majority being located in intergenic regions (68.00%) and then in introns (26.32%) and the remainder distributed among proximal promoters (3.93%), coding regions (1.27%), untranslated regions (UTRs) (0.29%), non-coding RNAs (0.11%) and splice regions (0.08%). Overall, meSNPs represent 22.53% of 56,969,697 SNPs described in the database of which 12.35% are located in CGIs. Comparing the observed number with the expected number of meSNPs in the CGIs and tissues submitted to the MIRAseq we found a mean enrichment (P<0.01) for meSNPs of 2.47 times in the relaxed CGIs and 1.90 times in the strict CGIs. In the tissues the enrichment was of 1.52 times in ribeye and 2.09 times in small intestine. Ten meSNPs, differing in methylation status, 1 in ribeye and 9 in small intestine, caused an alteration in the genomic sequence which is associated with a feed efficiency phenotype in cattle. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 15/20557-5 - Identification of SNPs in CpG sites located in genomic regions related to production in cattle
Grantee:Mariângela Bueno Cordeiro Maldonado
Support Opportunities: Scholarships in Brazil - Doctorate