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Amazement on the modern São Paulo city: representation and urban imaginary in technical and literary journals (1910- 1930)

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Cinthia Aparecida Tragante
Total Authors: 1
Document type: Doctoral Thesis
Press: São Carlos.
Institution: Universidade de São Paulo (USP). Escola de Engenharia de São Carlos (EESC/SBD)
Defense date:
Examining board members:
Telma de Barros Correia; Nilce Cristina Aravecchia Botas; Ana Claudia Scaglione Veiga de Castro; Aline Coelho Sanches Corato; Tomas Antonio Moreira; Júlio Cezar Bastoni da Siva
Advisor: Telma de Barros Correia

The city of São Paulo went through large transformations in the beginning of the 20th century. Until the end of the 19th century, it was considered small and with a slow growth, preserving part of its colonial features. Starting from the end of the 19th century and mainly in the beginning of the 20th, it starts to grow in a more expressive way, with populational and territorial increase, mainly due to the coffee economy, the intense immigration and industrialization. The changes were perceptible in several sectors: economy, urbanization, culture, arts and more generally in the society, which appeared to be ecstatic with this accelerated growth. In this context, looking to place itself as a city in development and able to be compared with other large urban centers, like the European and American capitals, a discourse about the city starts to emerge, based on the exaltation of its transformations as a synonym of progress and the paulista as a land conqueror, with the strengthening of the bandeirista myth. In the same period, the discussions about modernism in the arts that understand this feverish city as the ideal space for the celebration of modernity and the exaltation of urbanity and its signs, like industrialization and speed. Contributing for the creation of an image of an effervescent city, the 1922 Modern Art Week affirms the election of São Paulo as the central point of the modernist movement. Yet, starting mainly from the 1930s, the city starts to show in a more evident way problems resulting of the accelerated growth, putting the image that was being created of the city under tension. This thesis tried to understand the construction of the urban imaginary of the city of São Paulo, starting from the city representations present in the period journals. The primary sources are the technical journals in the areas of engineering, architecture and urbanism, and the arts and literature periodicals, published between 1910 and 1930. We verify how the projects and writings about the city of São Paulo in the literature and urban fields dialog in the construction of this image, either as a celebration the city future paths, emphasizing its modernization, or criticizing these paths, indicating its urban problems. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 15/01700-1 - Amazement and growth of the Paulicéia: tensions between urbanism and literature in the modern São Paulo City
Grantee:Cinthia Aparecida Tragante
Support Opportunities: Scholarships in Brazil - Doctorate