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In Vitro analsis of bond strength and degradation method between bond interface of aluminous ceramic and resin cements

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Author(s):
Bruno Lopes da Silveira
Total Authors: 1
Document type: Doctoral Thesis
Press: São Paulo.
Institution: Universidade de São Paulo (USP). Faculdade de Odontologia (FO/SDO)
Defense date:
Examining board members:
Carlos de Paula Eduardo; Ana Cecilia Corrêa Aranha; Carlos Eduardo Francischone; Sheila Cynthia Gouw Soares; Luiz Felipe Valandro
Advisor: Carlos de Paula Eduardo
Abstract

The aim of this study was to evaluate the influence of different surface treatments on resistance to degradation between In-Ceram Alumina and two resin-based cements. Sixteen experimental groups were formed according to ceramic treatment: Sandblasting (S), Rocatec System (R), Nd:YAG Laser (Nd), Nd:YAG Laser plus Rocatec System (NR); luting cement: Panavia F (Kuraray) or Relyx Unicem (3M ESPE); and aging method: water (W) or sodium hypochlorite (H). Sixty four In-Ceram Alumina blocks (10x10x6mm) received four surface treatments: Al2O3 sandblasting; Al2O3 sandblasting + Rocatec Plus; Al2O3 sandblasting + Nd:YAG Lase; Al2O3 sandblasting + Nd:YAG Laser + Rocatec Plus. Each conditioned ceramic block was bonded to a composite block using a resin cement system. After 24h storage time, the blocks were sectioned to obtain sticks with cross-sectional area of 1.0mm2. The specimens were loaded to failure in a universal testing machine at a crosshead speed of 0.5mm/min. The fractured surface morphology of the debonded specimens was observed (40X) to evaluate the fracture pattern. Failure modes were classified as adhesive, cohesive in ceramic, cohesive in resin cement and mixed. The ceramic treatment and the aging method significantly affected the microtensile bond strength. Nd:YAG surface treatment resulted in the best bond strength values. To groups luted with Panavia F cement the microtensile bond strength values were: SW: 27,71±6,3; RW: 35,67±5,13; NdW: 42,49±6,8; NdRW: 37,41±4,76; SH: 22,27±6,05; RH: 27,49±8,83; NdH: 32,24±6,94; NdRH: 31,75±7,77. To groups luted with RelyX cement: SW: 26,74±6,34; RW: 35,07±6,02; NdW: 41,05±7,71; NdRW: 33,85±6,03; SH: 22,77±7,37; RH: 27,84±6,26; NdH: 36,42±5,08; NdRH: 27,6±5,8. Nd:YAG laser was the most effective surface treatment, followed by Nd:YAG+Rocatec, Rocatec and Al2O3 sandblasting. Resin cements presented similar behaviors in spite of aging. NaOCl 12h-immersion decreased Bond strength values. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 05/01918-5 - Influence of surface treatment with different lasers on aluminous ceramic adhesive lutting stability: comparative study between micro-tensile and micro-shear bond strength
Grantee:Bruno Lopes da Silveira
Support Opportunities: Scholarships in Brazil - Doctorate