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Fertigation of pineapple cultivar victory with vinasse: effects on soil and plant

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Author(s):
João Paulo Francisco
Total Authors: 1
Document type: Master's Dissertation
Press: Piracicaba.
Institution: Universidade de São Paulo (USP). Escola Superior de Agricultura Luiz de Queiroz
Defense date:
Examining board members:
Marcos Vinicius Folegatti; Patricia Angélica Alves Marques; Leonardo Duarte Batista da Silva
Advisor: Marcos Vinicius Folegatti
Abstract

The using of effluent residues in agriculture it is a good alternative because allows the use of the water and the nutrients to cultivate some crops. Also it is an important contribution with the mitigation of the contamination promoted by these effluents when disposed in a hydric system and could be an economic alternative to reduce costs with fertilizers. The increase in the production of effluent in the sugarcane mill, the vinasse, it is the result of the increase in the production of ethanol. The vinasse it is a residue rich in nutrients, mainly organic material that can be a problem when disposed in the hydric systems. One alternative to solve this problem it is to utilize the vinasse in the soil by fertigation. This study aim to evaluate the growing, yield and fruit quality in pineapple variety vitória with different levels of vinasse applied by fertigation, and the recycling of water and nutrients by vinasse without compromise the chemical and physical soil characteristics. The experiment was conduct in a greenhouse located in the Biossystem Engineering department, college of agriculture \"Luiz de Queiroz\" ESALQ/USP. The experimental design adopted was completely randomly with 5 treatments and 4 replications, being the experimental unit one trench with 3.2 of length, 0.8 m of width and 0.4 m depth. The treatments was composed by different levels of vinasse: 0, 50, 75, 100 and 125% of the total pineapple potash necessity (462 kg ha-1). The potassium was used as reference element to obtain the total volume of vinasse and was used the standard CETESB P4.261. The fertigation was applied by drip irrigation and respected the pineapple nutrient requirement in the different development phases. The vinasse application promoted the increase in the soil cation-exchange capacity (CEC) and organic material, but not changed their physical characteristics. The increment in the vinasse levels effected directly the biometrics variables: plant high, number of leaves, length and width of leaf \"D\". The leaf area, dry material of aerial part and root showing positive correlation with the vinasse levels applied. The higher level of nitrate and potash in the soil solution was observed in the treatments that received the higher levels of vinasse. Treatments that receive vinasse by fertigation presented lesser yield when compare to treatments that receive just chemical fertilization, but fruits with better physic-chemicals quality, although sensory analysis have not been verified significant difference between treatments. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 12/04806-7 - Fertigation of cultivate of pineaplle Vitória with stillage: effects on soil and culture
Grantee:João Paulo Francisco
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Master