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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Disability in instrumental activities of daily living among older adults: gender differences

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Author(s):
Alexandre, Tiago da Silva [1] ; Corona, Ligiana Pires [2] ; Nunes, Daniella Pires [3] ; Ferreira Santos, Jair Licio [4] ; de Oliveira Duarte, Yeda Aparecida [5] ; Lebrao, Maria Lucia [1]
Total Authors: 6
Affiliation:
[1] Univ Fed Sao Carlos, Dept Gerontol, BR-13560 Sao Carlos, SP - Brazil
[2] Univ Sao Paulo, Fac Saude Publ, Dept Epidemiol, Programa Posgrad Saude Publ, BR-01255 Sao Paulo - Brazil
[3] Univ Sao Paulo, Programa Posgrad Enfermagem, Dept Enfermagem, Sao Paulo - Brazil
[4] Univ Sao Paulo, Dept Social Med, Fac Med Ribeirao Preto, BR-14049 Ribeirao Preto, SP - Brazil
[5] Univ Sao Paulo, Escola Enfermagem, Dept Enfermagem Med Cirurg, Sao Paulo - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 5
Document type: Journal article
Source: Revista de Saúde Pública; v. 48, n. 3, p. 378-389, JUN 2014.
Web of Science Citations: 15
Abstract

OBJECTIVE: To analyze gender differences in the incidence and determinants of disability regarding instrumental activities of daily living among older adults. METHODS: The data were extracted from the Sa de, Bem-Estar e Envelhecimento (SABE - Health, Wellbeing and Ageing) study. In 2000, 1,034 older adults without difficulty in regarding instrumental activities of daily living were selected. The following characteristics were evaluated at the baseline: sociodemographic and behavioral variables, health status, falls, fractures, hospitalizations, depressive symptoms, cognition, strength, mobility, balance and perception of vision and hearing. Instrumental activities of daily living such as shopping and managing own money and medication, using transportation and using the telephone were reassessed in 2006, with incident cases of disability considered as the outcome. RESULTS: The incidence density of disability in instrumental activities of daily living was 44.7/1,000 person/years for women and 25.2/1,000 person/years for men. The incidence rate ratio between women and men was 1.77 (95% CI 1.75; 1.80). After controlling for socioeconomic status and clinical conditions, the incidence rate ratio was 1.81 (95% CI 1.77; 1.84), demonstrating that women with chronic disease and greater social vulnerability have a greater incidence density of disability in instrumental activities of daily living. The following were determinants of the incidence of disability: age >= 80 and worse perception of hearing in both genders; stroke in men; and being aged 70 to 79 in women. Better cognitive performance was a protective factor in both genders and better balance was a protective factor in women. CONCLUSIONS: The higher incidence density of disability in older women remained even after controlling for adverse social and clinical conditions. In addition to age, poorer cognitive performance and conditions that adversely affect communication disable both genders. Acute events, such as a stroke, disables elderly men more, whereas early deficits regarding balance disable women more. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 05/54947-2 - SABE study - 2005: well-being and ageing: longitudinal study of living conditions and health of elderly in the municipality of São Paulo
Grantee:Ruy Laurenti
Support type: Research Projects - Thematic Grants