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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Melatonin attenuates Leishmania (L.) amazonensis infection by modulating arginine metabolism

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Laranjeira-Silva, Maria Fernanda [1] ; Zampieri, Ricardo A. [1] ; Muxel, Sandra M. [1] ; Floeter-Winter, Lucile Maria [1] ; Markus, Regina P. [1]
Total Authors: 5
[1] Univ Sao Paulo, Inst Biosci, BR-05508900 Sao Paulo - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 1
Document type: Journal article
Source: Journal of Pineal Research; v. 59, n. 4, p. 478-487, NOV 2015.
Web of Science Citations: 18

Acute inflammatory responses induced by bacteria or fungi block nocturnal melatonin synthesis by rodent pineal glands. Here, we show Leishmania infection does not impair daily melatonin rhythm in hamsters. Remarkably, the attenuated parasite burden and lesion progression in hamsters infected at nighttime was impaired by blockage of melatonin receptors with luzindole, whereas melatonin treatment during the light phase attenuated Leishmania infection. In vitro studies corroborated in vivo observations. Melatonin treatment reduced macrophage expression of Cat-2b, Cat1, and ArgI, genes involved in arginine uptake and polyamine synthesis. Indeed, melatonin reduced macrophage arginine uptake by 40%. Putrescine supplementation reverted the attenuation of infectivity by melatonin indicating that its effect was due to the arrest of parasite replication. This study shows that the Leishmania/host interaction varies in a circadian manner according to nocturnal melatonin pineal synthesis. Our results provide new data regarding Leishmania infectiveness and show new approaches for applying agonists of melatonin receptors in Leishmaniasis therapy. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 13/13691-1 - Immune-pineal axis: time-niology integrated to surveillance and defense
Grantee:Regina Pekelmann Markus
Support type: Research Projects - Thematic Grants
FAPESP's process: 10/52688-8 - Biochemical, physiological and functional genomics studies of Leishmania-macrophage interaction
Grantee:Lucile Maria Floeter-Winter
Support type: Research Projects - Thematic Grants