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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Chronic cholinergic stimulation promotes changes in cardiovascular autonomic control in spontaneously hypertensive rats

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Author(s):
Blanco, Joao H. D. [1] ; Gastaldi, Ada C. [1] ; Gardim, Camila B. [1] ; Araujo, Joao E. [1] ; Simoes, Marcus V. [1] ; Oliveira, Luciano F. L. [1] ; Carvalho, Eduardo E. V. [1] ; Souza, Hugo C. D. [1]
Total Authors: 8
Affiliation:
[1] Univ Sao Paulo, Ribeirao Preto Med Sch, Ribeirao Preto, SP - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 1
Document type: Journal article
Source: AUTONOMIC NEUROSCIENCE-BASIC & CLINICAL; v. 193, p. 97-103, DEC 2015.
Web of Science Citations: 5
Abstract

Hypertension is often accompanied by autonomic dysfunction, which is detrimental to cardiac regulation. On the other hand, cholinergic stimulation through inhibition of acetylcholinesterase appears to have beneficial effects on cardiac autonomic control. Thus, our objective was to investigate the effects of chronic cholinergic stimulation on hemodynamic and cardiovascular autonomic control parameters in spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR). For this, 26-week-old SHR (N = 32) and Wistar Kyoto rats (WK; N = 32) were divided into two groups: one treated with vehicle (H2O; N = 16) and the other treated with pyridostigmine bromide (PYR; N = 16) in drinking water (25 mg/kg/day) for 2 weeks. All groups were subjected to recording of arterial pressure (AP) and heart rate (HR), quantification of ejection fraction (EF), evaluation of cardiac tonic autonomic balance by means of double autonomic blockade with methylatropine and propranolol, analysis of systolic AP (SAP) and HR variability (HRV), and evaluation of baroreflex sensitivity (BRS). AP, HR, and EF were reduced in the SHR-PYR group compared with the SHR-H2O group. Evaluation of autonomic parameters revealed an increase in vagal tone participation in cardiac tonic autonomic balance and reduced SAP variability; however, no changes were observed in HRV or BRS. These results suggest that chronic cholinergic stimulation with pyridostigmine bromide promotes reduction in the hemodynamic parameters AP, HR, and EF. Additionally, tonic autonomic balance was improved and a reduction in LF oscillations of SAP variability was observed that could not be attributed to BRS, as the latter did not change. Further studies should be conducted to identify the mechanisms involved in the observed responses. (C) 2015 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 11/22513-4 - Study on the effect of chronic cholinergic stimulation with pyridostigmine bromide on cardiac autonomic adaptations induced by aerobic physical training in spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR)
Grantee:Hugo Celso Dutra de Souza
Support type: Regular Research Grants