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(Reference retrieved automatically from SciELO through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

The impact of interleukin-13 receptor expressions in cell migration of astrocytomas

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Author(s):
Isabele Fattori Moretti ; Roseli Silva ; Sueli Mieko Oba-Shinjo ; Priscila Oliveira de Carvalho ; Lais Cavalca Cardoso ; Isac de Castro ; Suely Kazue Nagahashi Marie
Total Authors: 7
Document type: Journal article
Source: MedicalExpress (São Paulo, online); v. 2, n. 5 Out. 2015.
Abstract

INTRODUCTION: Astrocytomas are common brain tumors. Increased expression levels of Interleukin-13 Receptor α2 (IL-13RA2) have been reported in astrocytomas. The Interleukin-13 signaling pathway may be associated with cell migration when binding to Interleukin-13 Receptor α1. OBJECTIVE: To investigate Interleukin-13 Receptor α1 (IL-13RA1) and IL13RA2 expression levels in human diffusely infiltrative astrocytomas and test the involvement of Interleukin-13 levels in cell migration in two glioblastoma cell lines. METHODS: IL13RA expression levels were accessed by quantitative real time PCR in 128 samples of astrocytomas and 18 samples of non-neoplastic brain tissues from temporal lobe epilepsy surgery. The impact of IL-13 levels (10 and 20 ng/mL) on cell migration was analyzed by the wound assay in U87MG and A172 cells. RESULTS: Glioblastoma presented higher IL13RA1 and IL13RA2 expression levels compared to lower grades astrocytomas and to non-neoplastic cases. U87MG and A172 cells presented higher expression levels of IL-13RA1 vs. IL-13RA2. A significant difference in migration rate was observed in A172 cells treated with 10 ng/mL of IL-13 vs. control: treated cells presented slower migration than non-treated cells. U87MG cells treated with IL-13 20ng/mL presented slower migration than non-treated cells. This indicates that the IL13Rα1 signaling pathway was not activated, indeed inhibited by the decoy IL-13Rα2, slowing cell migration. This impact occurred with a lesser concentration of IL-13 on the A172 than on the U87MG cell line, because A172 cells have a higher IL-13RA2/A1 ratio. CONCLUSION: The present results suggest IL-13 receptors as possible targets to decrease tumor cell migration. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 04/12133-6 - Search for molecular markers related to the diagnosis and prognosis of tumors of the central nervous system
Grantee:Suely Kazue Nagahashi Marie
Support type: Research Projects - Thematic Grants
FAPESP's process: 13/02162-8 - Molecular pathogenesis and characterization of monogenic developmental diseases: a route to translational medicine
Grantee:Berenice Bilharinho de Mendonça
Support type: Research Projects - Thematic Grants
FAPESP's process: 13/06315-3 - The role of microglia activation in human astrocytoma
Grantee:Suely Kazue Nagahashi Marie
Support type: Regular Research Grants