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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Acute Phase Response in Buffalo Calves Experimentally Infected with Salmonella typhimurium

Author(s):
Clemente, V. [1] ; Santana, A. M. [1] ; Silva, D. G. [1] ; Silveira, C. R. A. [1] ; Pizauro, L. J. L. [1] ; Clemente, Z. [2] ; Fagliari, J. J. [1]
Total Authors: 7
Affiliation:
[1] Univ Estadual Paulista UNESP, Fac Ciencias Agr & Vet, Dept Clin & Cirurgia Vet, Via Acesso Prof Paulo Donato Castellane S-N, BR-14884900 Jaboticabal, SP - Brazil
[2] EMBRAPA, Lab Ecotoxicol & Biosseguranca, Rodovia SP-340 Km 127-5, CP 69, BR-13820000 Jaguariuna, SP - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 2
Document type: Journal article
Source: PAKISTAN VETERINARY JOURNAL; v. 36, n. 2, p. 153-158, 2016.
Web of Science Citations: 2
Abstract

The aim of this study was to evaluate the changes that occur in the acute phase response (APR) of experimentally-induced salmonellosis in buffalo calves and to identify potential indicators of infection. Five buffalo calves received 10 degrees colony-orming units of Salmonella typhimurium, orally. Another five animals were used as control group. Clinical examinations were performed and venous blood was sampled before and throughout 7 days after inoculation. Red blood cell count (RBC), packed cell volume (PCV), hemoglobin (Hb), plasma fibrinogen, serum haptoglobin, ceruloplasmin, transferrin and iron were measured. Severe diarrhea started 72-108 h after inoculation, in all animals. The infectious stimulus induced severe APR, characterized by pyrexia, lymphopenia (4.99 +/- 1.73x10(9) cells/L), increase in fibrinogen (24.7 +/- 4.91 mu mol/L), haptoglobin (21.5 +/- 8.65 mu mol/L) and ceruloplasmin (1370 +/- 374 mg/L), decreased transferrin concentration (3.90 +/- 0.69 g/L) and hypoferremia (15.2 +/- 11.2 mu mol/L). These changes coincided with the onset of clinical signs. Alterations of lower intensity occurred in erythrogram. Based on the magnitude and duration of changes, it is suggested that the combined measurement of serum levels of iron and haptoglobin is a useful tool for identifying newborn buffaloes recently affected by bacterial disease and for monitoring the effectiveness of its treatment. (C) 2015 PVJ. All rights reserved (AU)

FAPESP's process: 09/12056-5 - Clinical, laboratory and therapeutic study of Salmonella enterica subspecie enterica serovar Typhimurium-induced experimental diarrhea in buffalo calves.
Grantee:Virna Clemente
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Master
FAPESP's process: 11/02415-8 - Clinical, laboratory and therapeutic study of Salmonella enterica subspecie enterica serovar Typhimurium-induced experimental diarrhea in buffalo calves
Grantee:José Jurandir Fagliari
Support type: Regular Research Grants