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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Presence of plasmid-mediated quinolone resistance determinants and mutations in gyrase and topoisomerase in Salmonella enterica isolates with resistance and reduced susceptibility to ciprofloxacin

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Author(s):
Tiba Casas, Monique Ribeiro [1] ; Camargo, Carlos Henrique [1] ; Soares, Flavia Barrosa [1] ; da Silveira, Wanderley Dias [2] ; Fernandes, Sueli Aparecida [1]
Total Authors: 5
Affiliation:
[1] Adolfo Lutz Inst, Ctr Bacteriol, Nucleo Doencas Enter & Infeccoes Patogenos Especi, Sao Paulo - Brazil
[2] Univ Estadual Campinas, Lab Biol Mol Bacteriana, Campinas, SP - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 2
Document type: Journal article
Source: DIAGNOSTIC MICROBIOLOGY AND INFECTIOUS DISEASE; v. 85, n. 1, p. 85-89, MAY 2016.
Web of Science Citations: 9
Abstract

In recent decades, the emergence and spread of resistance to nalidixic acid are usually associated with reduced susceptibility to ciprofloxacin among Salmonella serotypes. The aims of this study were to investigate the mechanisms associated with resistance to fluoroquinolone and the clonal relatedness of Salmonella strains isolated from human and nonhuman origins, in a 5-year period in Sao Paulo, Brazil. Antimicrobial susceptibility testing for Salmonella isolates was performed. PCR and DNA sequencing were accomplished to identify mutations in the quinolone resistance-determining regions of the topoisomerase genes and to determine the fluoroquinolone determinants. The strains presented MIC to ciprofloxacin ranging from 0.125 to 8.0 mg/L (all nonsusceptible). From these, 16 strains (17.5%) were resistant to ciprofloxacin (MIC >= 1 mg/L) and belonging to serotypes Typhimurium, I. 4,5,12:i:-, Enteritidis, and Heidelberg. Amplification and DNA sequencing of topoisomerases genes identified multiple amino acid substitutions in GyrA and ParC. No mutations were identified in GyrB, and 1 amino acid substitution was identified in ParE. Among the 16 Salmonella strains resistant to ciprofloxacin, 8 S. I. 4,5,12:i:- presenting mutations in gyrA and parE genes were grouped into the same pulsotype. Plasmid-mediated quinolone resistance (PMQR) determinants: qnrB, aac(6')-lb-cr, and oqxA/B were detected among 13 strains. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first work to report Salmonella isolates resistant to ciprofloxacin in Brazil. Indeed, this is the first detection of PMQR determinants in Salmonella strains from Sao Paulo State. These findings alert for the potential spread of quinolone resistance of Salmonella strains, particularly in S. I. 4,5,12:i:-, a prevalent serotype implicated in human disease and foodborne outbreaks. (C) 2016 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 13/14907-8 - Characterization of genes associated with resistance to nalidixic acid and Ciprofloxacin reduced susceptibility of Salmonella spp. strains isolated in the State of São Paulo
Grantee:Monique Ribeiro Tiba Casas
Support type: Regular Research Grants