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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Surface properties of Ti-35Nb-7Zr-5Ta: Effects of long-term immersion in artificial saliva and fluoride solution

Full text
Author(s):
Miotto, Larissa N. ; Fais, Laiza M. G. ; Ribeiro, Ana L. R. ; Vaz, Luis G.
Total Authors: 4
Document type: Journal article
Source: JOURNAL OF PROSTHETIC DENTISTRY; v. 116, n. 1, p. 102-111, JUL 2016.
Web of Science Citations: 2
Abstract

Statement of problem. The mechanical properties of new titanium alloys with an elastic modulus closest to cortical bone have been studied. However, potentially damaging conditions experienced in the oral cavity, such as fluoride ions, can initiate a localized or crevice process of corrosive degradation in the alloy surfaces. Purpose. The purpose of this in vitro study was to evaluate the effects of long-term immersion in artificial saliva or in fluoride solution on mean roughness (R-a), Vickers hardness, and topography of the new titanium alloy Ti-35Nb-7Zr-5Ta (TNZT) compared with those of cp Ti and Ti-6AI-4V (TAV). Material and methods. Disks (N=210) were divided into cp Ti, TAV, and TNZT and subdivided according to the following treatments: no immersion (N-, control), immersion in artificial saliva (S), and immersion in fluoride (F) during periods equivalent to 5, 10, 15, and 20 years. The R-a and Vickers hardness were measured with a profilometer and a hardness tester. The topography was analyzed by scanning electronic microscopy. Data were compared using the Kruskal-Wallis and Dunn tests (alpha=.05). Results. Values of R-a and hardness were significantly different among the metals (R-a: TAV<TNZT<cp Ti; P<.05); and hardness (cp Ti<TNZT<TAV; P<.05); with a tendency for R-a to increase for TAV after 20 years of fluoride immersion and changes in hardness values of TAV and TNZT after immersion. TAV surfaces showed a heterogeneous appearance. Conclusions. Long-term immersion in NaF did not change the roughness of Ti-35Nb-7Zr-5Ta. However, the hardness of the alloys increased with immersion. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 11/17861-3 - Mechanical properties and surface characterization of Ti-6Al-4V and Ti-35Nb-7Zz-5Ta casting alloys. Effects of fluoride exposure.
Grantee:Larissa Natiele Miotto
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Scientific Initiation
FAPESP's process: 11/19915-3 - Electrochemical and mechanical characterization of Ti-6Al-4V and Ti-35Nb-7Zr-5Ta alloys: influence of new surface treatments
Grantee:Luis Geraldo Vaz
Support type: Regular Research Grants