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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Inflammatory biomarkers and effect of exercise on functional capacity in patients with heart failure: Insights from a randomized clinical trial

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Author(s):
Fernandes-Silva, Miguel M. ; Guimaraes, Guilherme V. ; Rigaud, Vagner O. C. ; Lofrano-Alves, Marco S. ; Castro, Rafael E. ; de Barros Cruz, Lais G. ; Bocchi, Edimar A. ; Bacal, Fernando
Total Authors: 8
Document type: Journal article
Source: EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF PREVENTIVE CARDIOLOGY; v. 24, n. 8, p. 808-817, MAY 2017.
Web of Science Citations: 11
Abstract

Background: In patients with heart failure, inflammation has been associated with worse functional capacity, but it is uncertain whether it could affect their response to exercise training. We evaluated whether inflammatory biomarkers are related to differential effect of exercise on the peak oxygen uptake (VO2) among patients with heart failure. Design: Open, parallel group, randomized controlled trial. Methods: Patients with heart failure and ejection fraction 0.4 were randomized into exercise training or control for 12 weeks. Patients were classified according to: 1) inflammatory biomarkers blood levels, defined as low' if both interleukin-6 and tumor necrosis factor-alpha blood levels were below median, and high' otherwise; and 2) galectin-3 blood levels, which also reflect pro-fibrotic processes. Results: Forty-four participants (507 years old, 55% men, 25% ischemic) were allocated to exercise training (n=28) or control (n=16). Exercise significantly improved peak VO2 among participants with low' inflammatory biomarkers (3.5 +/- 0.9 vs. -0.7 +/- 1.1ml/kg per min, p=0.006), as compared with control, but not among those with high' inflammatory biomarkers (0.4 +/- 0.6 vs. -0.2 +/- 0.7ml/kg per min, p=0.54, p for interaction=0.009). Similarly, exercise improved peak VO2 among participants with below median (2.4 +/- 0.8 vs. -0.3 +/- 0.9ml/kg per min, p=0.032), but not among those with above median galectin-3 blood levels (0.3 +/- 0.7 vs. -0.7 +/- 1.0ml/kg per min, p=0.41, p for interaction=0.053). Conclusion: In patients with heart failure, levels of biomarkers that reflect pro-inflammatory and pro-fibrotic processes were associated with differential effect of exercise on functional capacity. Further studies should evaluate whether exercise training can improve clinical outcomes in patients with heart failure and low levels of these biomarkers. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 11/00640-4 - Predictors of exercise training response in heart failure patients
Grantee:Fernando Bacal
Support type: Regular Research Grants
FAPESP's process: 10/08990-1 - Effect of interval versus continuous training on function sympathetic and peripheral infusion in patients with heart failure: a randomized study with control groups
Grantee:Guilherme Veiga Guimarães
Support type: Regular Research Grants