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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Coordinated brain development: exploring the synchrony between changes in grey and white matter during childhood maturation

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Moura, L. M. ; Crossley, N. A. ; Zugman, A. ; Pan, P. M. ; Gadelha, A. ; Del Aquilla, M. A. G. ; Picon, F. A. ; Anes, M. ; Amaro, Jr., E. ; de Jesus Mari, J. ; Miguel, E. C. ; Rohde, L. A. ; Bressan, R. A. ; McGuire, P. ; Sato, J. R. ; Jackowski, A. P.
Total Authors: 16
Document type: Journal article
Source: BRAIN IMAGING AND BEHAVIOR; v. 11, n. 3, p. 808-817, JUN 2017.
Web of Science Citations: 5

Brain development during childhood and early adolescence is characterized by global changes in brain architecture. Neuroimaging studies have revealed overall decreases in cortical thickness (CT) and increases in fractional anisotropy (FA). Furthermore, previous studies have shown that certain cortical regions display coordinated growth during development. However, there is significant heterogeneity in the timing and speed of these developmental transformations, and it is still unclear whether white and grey matter changes are co-localized. In this multimodal neuroimaging study, we investigated the relationship between grey and white matter developmental changes and asynchronous maturation within brain regions in 249 normally developing children between the ages 7-14. We used structural magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) to analyze CT and FA, respectively, as well as their covariance across development. Consistent with previous studies, we observed overall cortical thinning with age, which was accompanied by increased FA. We then compared the coordinated development of grey and white matter as indexed by covariance measures. Covariance between grey matter regions and the microstructure of white matter tracts connecting those regions were highly similar, suggesting that coordinated changes in the cortex were mirrored by coordinated changes in their respective tracts. Examining within-brain divergent trajectories, we found significant structural decoupling (decreased covariance) between several brain regions and tracts in the 9- to 11-year-old group, particularly involving the forceps minor and the regions that it connects to. We argue that this decoupling could reflect a developmental pattern within the prefrontal region in 9- and 11-year-old children, possibly related to the significant changes in cognitive control observed at this age. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 13/10498-6 - Machine learning in neuroimaging: development of methods and clinical applications in psychiatric disorders
Grantee:João Ricardo Sato
Support type: Regular Research Grants
FAPESP's process: 13/08531-5 - High risk cohort study for psychiatric disorders in childhood: 3-year follow-up neuroimaging study
Grantee:Andrea Parolin Jackowski
Support type: Regular Research Grants
FAPESP's process: 13/00506-1 - Time series, wavelets and functional data analysis
Grantee:Pedro Alberto Morettin
Support type: Research Projects - Thematic Grants
FAPESP's process: 08/57896-8 - National Institute for Developmental Psychiatry
Grantee:Eurípedes Constantino Miguel Filho
Support type: Research Projects - Thematic Grants