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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Hypertonic Saline as a Useful Tool for Sputum Induction and Pathogen Detection in Cystic Fibrosis

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Author(s):
Marques Ferreira, Adriana Carolina ; Lima Marson, Fernando Augusto ; Cohen, Milena Antonelli ; Bertuzzo, Carmen Silvia ; Levy, Carlos Emilio ; Ribeiro, Antonio Fernando ; Ribeiro, Jose Dirceu
Total Authors: 7
Document type: Journal article
Source: Lung; v. 195, n. 4, p. 431-439, AUG 2017.
Web of Science Citations: 2
Abstract

Purpose The aim of this study was to compare the qualitative and semi-quantitative detection of pathogens in the airway secretions of patients with cystic fibrosis (CF) and the sputum induction capacity before and after inhalation of 7% hypertonic saline solution (HSS). Methods The study enrolled 64 patients with CF. Airway secretions were collected from all enrolled patients with CF before and after inhalation of 7% HSS, and the samples were screened for pathogens. Results Inhalation of 7% HSS increased the probability of producing sputum from 36 to 52% (p = 0.002) in children with CF. The effect was most in children under 11 years. Inhalation of 7% HSS improved qualitative pathogen identification (p = 0.008). Inhalation of 7% HSS increased the mucoid Pseudomonas aeruginosa (p = 0.002) and non-mucoid P. aeruginosa in the semi-quantitative analysis (p = 0.035). Four new pathogens (Aspergillus fumigatus, Achromobacter xylosoxidans, Ochrobactrum anthropi, and Elizabethkingia meningoseptica) were identified in the sputum samples collected from the airways of patients with CF following 7% HSS. Conclusions Inhalation of 7% HSS increased sputum production and pathogen identification in children with CF. The inhalation of 7% HSS was feasible and should be implemented for routine pathogen detection in the airways of patients with CF, particularly in those patients who do not produce sputum. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 11/12939-4 - Association between polymorphisms in modifier genes in children and adolescent with allergic and non-allergic: mild, moderate and severe asthma
Grantee:Fernando Augusto de Lima Marson
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Doctorate
FAPESP's process: 15/12858-5 - Identification of prevalent mutations and clinical and functional characterization of children and adults with primary ciliary dyskinesia
Grantee:Fernando Augusto de Lima Marson
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Post-Doctorate
FAPESP's process: 15/12183-8 - Identification of prevalent mutations and clinical and functional characterization of children and adults with primary ciliary dyskinesia
Grantee:Jose Dirceu Ribeiro
Support type: Regular Research Grants
FAPESP's process: 11/18845-1 - Association between polymorphisms in modifier genes in children and adolescent with allergic and non-allergic mild, moderate and severe asthma
Grantee:Jose Dirceu Ribeiro
Support type: Regular Research Grants