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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Fractionating Executive Functions of Adults With ADHD

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Author(s):
Bueno, Viviane Freire ; da Silva, Maria Aparecida ; Alves, Tania Maria ; Louza, Mario Rodrigues ; Pompeia, Sabine
Total Authors: 5
Document type: Journal article
Source: JOURNAL OF ATTENTION DISORDERS; v. 21, n. 11, p. 944-955, SEP 2017.
Web of Science Citations: 6
Abstract

Objective: To evaluate the performance of adults with ADHD considering the fractionation of executive functions into six different domains. Method: Participants were adult ADHD patients who were not under the acute effects of medication (n = 48). Their performance was compared with that of a healthy control group (n = 20) of comparable age, education, and nonverbal intelligence quotient. The cognitive domains assessed were executive shifting, updating, inhibition of prepotent responses, dual-task performance, planning, and access to long-term memory. We also assessed the symptoms of inattention, hyperactivity/impulsivity, anxiety, and depression by validated questionnaires. Results: Compared with controls, patients reported more symptoms related to ADHD, anxiety and depression symptoms and were impaired in the shifting cost measure and phonemic fluency (measure of access to long-term memory). Conclusion: ADHD in adults selectively impaired executive shifting and access to long-term memory, domains that may alter performance in a wide range of daily tasks. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 11/08547-3 - Evaluation of the effects of the mindfulness meditation practices on cognition of adults with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder
Grantee:Viviane Freire Bueno
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Post-Doctorate