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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Fast synthesis of amides from ethyl salicylate under microwave radiation in a solvent-free system

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Lima, Rafaely N. [1] ; Silva, Valdenizia R. [2] ; Santos, Luciano de S. [2] ; Bezerra, Daniel P. [2] ; Soares, Milena B. P. [2] ; Porto, Andre L. M. [1]
Total Authors: 6
[1] Univ Sao Paulo, Lab Quim Organ & Biocatalise, Inst Quim Sao Carlos, Av Joao Dagnone 1100, Ed Quim Ambiental, BR-13563120 Sao Carlos, SP - Brazil
[2] Fundacao Oswaldo Cruz, Ctr Pesquisas Goncalo Moniz, R Waldemar Falcao 121, BR-40296710 Salvador, BA - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 2
Document type: Journal article
Source: RSC ADVANCES; v. 7, n. 89, p. 56566-56574, 2017.
Web of Science Citations: 1

In this study, amide bond formation, one of the most important reactions in organic chemistry, it was evaluated using ethyl salicylate and ten different primary amines. Under the optimized experimental conditions, i.e. 60 degrees C, hexane, phenylboronic acid-PBA (15 mol%), boric acid-BA (15 mol%) or without catalyst-WC, using a hot-plate for 24 h, amides were obtained in excellent isolated yields (WC, 77-94% to S-Aa-Ad; PBA, 11-94% to S-Ae-Aj; and BA, 28-90% to S-Ae-Aj). The reaction employing CAL-B also permitted a moderate conversion for the production of amides S-Ae-Aj (3-42%). However, in our efforts to reduce the amide synthesis time (24 h), the reactions were performed in the presence of microwave-MW radiation using a free-solvent system {[}60 degrees C, PBA (15 mol%) or WC], which reduced the time of the reaction by 32-fold (45 min) and afforded nine amides (S-Aa-Ah and S-Aj) in 80-99% isolated yield and S-Ai in 23% yield. A cytotoxicity assay demonstrated that the amide S-Ag was capable of inhibiting four human tumor cell lines (MCF-7, HCT116, HepG2, and HL-60) with an IC50 ranging from 8.68 to 17.57 mu g mL(-1). In this study, MW radiation provided an attractive way for faster reactions, improved yields, and cleaner reactions, as well as the synthesis of amide S-Ag with cytotoxic activity. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 14/18257-0 - New approaches in biocatalytic reactions
Grantee:Andre Luiz Meleiro Porto
Support type: Regular Research Grants