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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

The transfer of C-rel contextual control (same, opposite, less than, more than) through equivalence relations

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Author(s):
Perez, William F. [1, 2] ; Kovac, Roberta [2] ; Nico, Yara C. [2] ; Caro, Daniel M. [2] ; Fidalgo, Adriana P. [2] ; Linares, Ila [2] ; de Almeida, Joao Henrique [3, 1] ; de Rose, Julio C. [3, 1]
Total Authors: 8
Affiliation:
[1] Inst Nacl Ciencia & Tecnol Comportamento Cognicao, Sao Carlos, SP - Brazil
[2] Paradigma Ctr Ciencias Comportamento, Rua Wanderley 611, BR-05011001 Sao Paulo, SP - Brazil
[3] Univ Fed Sao Carlos, Sao Carlos, SP - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 3
Document type: Journal article
Source: JOURNAL OF THE EXPERIMENTAL ANALYSIS OF BEHAVIOR; v. 108, n. 3, p. 318-334, NOV 2017.
Web of Science Citations: 3
Abstract

According to Relational Frame Theory (RFT) C-rel denotes a contextual stimulus that controls a particular type of relational response (sameness, opposition, comparative, temporal, hierarchical etc.) in a given situation. Previous studies suggest that contextual functions may be indirectly acquired via transfer of function. The present study investigated the transfer of C-rel contextual control through equivalence relations. Experiment 1 evaluated the transfer of C-rel contextual functions for relational responses based on sameness and opposition. Experiment 2 extended these findings by evaluating transfer of function using comparative C-rel stimuli. Both experiments followed a similar sequence of phases. First, abstract forms were established as C-rel stimuli via multiple exemplar training (Phase 1). The contextual cues were then applied to establish arbitrary relations among nonsense words and to test derived relations (Phase 2). After that, equivalence relations involving the original C-rel stimuli and other abstract forms were trained and tested (Phase 3). Transfer of function was evaluated by replacing the directly established C-rel stimuli with their equivalent stimuli in the former experimental tasks (Phases 1 and 2). Results from both experiments suggest that C-rel contextual control may be extended via equivalence relations, allowing other arbitrarily related stimuli to indirectly acquire C-rel functions and regulate behavior by evoking appropriate relational responses in the presence of both previously known and novel stimuli. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 08/57705-8 - Institute for the Study of Behavior, Cognition and Teaching
Grantee:Deisy das Graças de Souza
Support type: Research Projects - Thematic Grants