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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Caffeine and high intensity exercise: Impact on purinergic and cholinergic signalling in lymphocytes and on cytokine levels

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Author(s):
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Vieira, Juliano Marchi [1] ; Gutierres, Jessie Martins [1] ; Carvalho, Fabiano Barbosa [1] ; Stefanello, Naiara [1] ; Oliveira, Lizielle [1] ; Cardoso, Andreia Machado [2] ; Morsch, Vera Maria [1] ; Pillat, Micheli Mainardi [3] ; Ulrich, Henning [3] ; Frescura Duarte, Marta Medeiros [4, 5] ; Chitolina Schetinger, Maria Rosa [1] ; Spanevello, Roselia Maria [6]
Total Authors: 12
Affiliation:
[1] Univ Fed Santa Maria, Ctr Ciencias Nat & Exatas, Programa Posgrad Ciencias Biol Bioquim Toxicol, Ave Roraima, BR-97105900 Santa Maria, RS - Brazil
[2] Univ Fed Fronteira Sul, Chapeco, SC - Brazil
[3] Univ Sao Paulo, Inst Quim, Dept Bioquim, Sao Paulo, SP - Brazil
[4] Univ Fed Santa Maria, Programa Posgrad Farmacol, Santa Maria, RS - Brazil
[5] Univ Luterana Brasil, Lab Anal Clin Labimed, Santa Maria, RS - Brazil
[6] Univ Fed Pelotas, Programa Posgrad Bioquim & Bioprospeccao, Ctr Ciencias Quim Farmaceut & Alimentos, Campus Univ Capao do Leao, BR-96010900 Pelotas, RS - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 6
Document type: Journal article
Source: BIOMEDICINE & PHARMACOTHERAPY; v. 108, p. 1731-1738, DEC 2018.
Web of Science Citations: 1
Abstract

This study evaluated the effects of caffeine in combination with high-intensity interval training (HIIT) on sensitivity to glucocorticoids and proliferation of lymphocytes, IL-6 and IL-10 levels and NTPDase, adenosine deaminase (ADA) and acetylcholinesterase (AChE) activity in rat lymphocytes. The animals were divided into groups: control, caffeine 4 mg/kg, caffeine 8 mg/kg, HIIT, HIIT plus caffeine 4 mg/kg and HIIT plus caffeine 8 mg/kg. The rats were trained three times a week for 6 weeks for a total workload 23% of body weight at the end of the experiment. Caffeine was administered orally 30 min before the training session. When lymphocytes were stimulated with phytohaemagglutinin no changes were observed in proliferative response between trained and sedentary animals; however, when caffeine was associated with HIIT an increase in T lymphocyte proliferation and in the sensitivity of lymphocytes to glucocorticoids occurred. ATP and ADP hydrolysis was decreased in the lymphocytes of the animals only trained and caffeine treatment prevented alterations in ATP hydrolysis. HIIT caused an increase in the ADA and AChE activity in lymphocytes and this effect was more pronounced in rats trained and supplemented with caffeine. The level of IL-6 was increased while the level of IL-10 was decreased in trained animals (HIIT) and caffeine was capable of preventing this exercise effect. Our findings suggest that caffeine ingestion attenuates, as least in part, the immune and inflammatory alterations following a prolonged HIIT protocol. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 15/19478-3 - Role of kinin-B2 receptor in pathogenesis and progression of familial Alzheimer's Disease: from neurogenesis and immune response to cognition
Grantee:Micheli Mainardi Pillat
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Post-Doctorate
FAPESP's process: 12/50880-4 - Stem cells: from basic studies of kinin and purinergic receptor roles towards therapeutical applications
Grantee:Alexander Henning Ulrich
Support type: Research Projects - Thematic Grants