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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

An integrative approach elucidates the systematics of Sea Hayward and Cybdelis Boisduval (Lepidoptera: Nymphalidae: Biblidinae)

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Dias, Fernando M. S. [1] ; Siewert, Ricardo R. [1] ; Freitas, Andre V. L. [2, 3] ; Lamas, Gerardo [4] ; Magaldi, Luiza M. [2, 3] ; Mielke, Olaf H. H. [1] ; Casagrande, Mirna M. [1]
Total Authors: 7
[1] Univ Fed Parana, Dept Zool, Lab Estudos Lepidoptera Neotrop, POB 19-020, BR-81531980 Curitiba, Parana - Brazil
[2] Univ Estadual Campinas, Inst Biol, Dept Biol Anim, Sao Paulo - Brazil
[3] Univ Estadual Campinas, Inst Biol, Museu Zool, Sao Paulo - Brazil
[4] Univ Nacl Mayor San Marcos, Museo Hist Nat, Lima - Peru
Total Affiliations: 4
Document type: Journal article
Source: Systematic Entomology; v. 44, n. 1, p. 226-250, JAN 2019.
Web of Science Citations: 2

The systematics of the enigmatic and rather uncommon species of Sea Hayward and Cybdelis Boisduval is assessed through morphological and molecular analyses. The aim of this paper is three-fold: (i) to ascertain the phylogenetic position of Sea and Cybdelis in Biblidinae; (ii) to determine the evolutionary relationships among species of Sea and Cybdelis; and (iii) to review the taxonomy of Sea and Cybdelis. The result of the molecular analysis recovers Sea sister to Cybdelis, and this clade sister to Eubagina (sensu Lamas, ), rendering Epicaliina (sensu Lamas, ) paraphyletic. A new tribe, Cybdelini trib.n. is erected to include Sea and Cybdelis; the other genera formerly included in Epicaliina (sensu Lamas, ), Eunica Hubner and Sevenia Kocak are assigned to Eunicini, and the remaining genera of Biblidinae to other previously recognized tribes, similar to those implicitly proposed by Wahlberg et al. (). The morphological analysis recovers similar results and the following relationships among species of Cybdelis: C. phaesyla (Hubner) (C. boliviana Salvin (C. mnasylus Doubleday (C. petronita Burmeister + C. thrasylla C. Felder \& R. Felder Sea and Cybdelis are recognized as distinct genera; a new subspecies, S. sophronia jenkinsi Dias, Siewert \& Freitas ssp.n., distributed from Venezuela to Bolivia along the Andes eastern foothills, is described; and C. petronita and C. thrasylla are accepted as valid species. Lectotypes for C. boliviana, C. peruviana Staudinger, C. mnasylus, C. thrasylla, C. petronita and C. mnasylus var. meridionalis Hall and a neotype for Vanessa sophronia Godart are designated. Additionally, dichotomous keys and distribution maps to all taxa are provided; male genitalia and hypandria are illustrated for all species; generic characters of the head, labial palpi and legs are illustrated; immature stages of some species also are figured. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 11/50225-3 - Natural history, phylogeny and conservation of Neotropical Lepidoptera
Grantee:André Victor Lucci Freitas
Support type: BIOTA-FAPESP Program - Regular Research Grants
FAPESP's process: 12/50260-6 - Structure and evolution of the Amazonian biota and its environment: an integrative approach
Grantee:Lúcia Garcez Lohmann
Support type: BIOTA-FAPESP Program - Thematic Grants
FAPESP's process: 13/50297-0 - Dimensions US-BIOTA São Paulo: a multidisciplinary framework for biodiversity prediction in the Brazilian Atlantic forest hotspot
Grantee:Cristina Yumi Miyaki
Support type: BIOTA-FAPESP Program - Thematic Grants