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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Consequences of delays and imperfect implementation of isolation in epidemic control

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Author(s):
Young, Lai-Sang [1] ; Ruschel, Stefan [2] ; Yanchuk, Serhiy [2] ; Pereira, Tiago [3, 4]
Total Authors: 4
Affiliation:
[1] NYU, Courant Inst Math Sci, 251 Mercer St, New York, NY 10003 - USA
[2] Tech Univ Berlin, Inst Math, Berlin - Germany
[3] Univ Sao Paulo, Inst Ciencias Matemat & Comp, Sao Carlos, SP - Brazil
[4] Imperial Coll London, Dept Math, London SW7 2AZ - England
Total Affiliations: 4
Document type: Journal article
Source: SCIENTIFIC REPORTS; v. 9, MAR 5 2019.
Web of Science Citations: 0
Abstract

For centuries isolation has been the main control strategy of unforeseen epidemic outbreaks. When implemented in full and without delay, isolation is very effective. However, flawless implementation is seldom feasible in practice. We present an epidemic model called SIQ with an isolation protocol, focusing on the consequences of delays and incomplete identification of infected hosts. The continuum limit of this model is a system of Delay Differential Equations, the analysis of which reveals clearly the dependence of epidemic evolution on model parameters including disease reproductive number, isolation probability, speed of identification of infected hosts and recovery rates. Our model offers estimates on minimum response capabilities needed to curb outbreaks, and predictions of endemic states when containment fails. Critical response capability is expressed explicitly in terms of parameters that are easy to obtain, to assist in the evaluation of funding priorities involving preparedness and epidemics management. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 13/07375-0 - CeMEAI - Center for Mathematical Sciences Applied to Industry
Grantee:José Alberto Cuminato
Support type: Research Grants - Research, Innovation and Dissemination Centers - RIDC
FAPESP's process: 15/50122-0 - Dynamic phenomena in complex networks: basics and applications
Grantee:Elbert Einstein Nehrer Macau
Support type: Research Projects - Thematic Grants