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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

A comprehensive analysis of malaria transmission in Brazil

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Carlos, Bianca C. [1, 2] ; Rona, Luisa D. P. [3, 4, 5] ; Christophides, George K. [3] ; Souza-Neto, Jayme A. [1, 2]
Total Authors: 4
[1] Sao Paulo State Univ UNESP, Dept Bioproc & Biotechnol, Cent Multiuser Lab, Sch Agr Sci, Botucatu, SP - Brazil
[2] Sao Paulo State Univ UNESP, Inst Biotechnol, Botucatu, SP - Brazil
[3] Imperial Coll London, Dept Life Sci, London - England
[4] Fed Univ Santa Catarina UFSC, Dept Cell Biol Embryol & Genet, Florianopolis, SC - Brazil
[5] Natl Inst Sci & Technol Mol Entomol, Natl Council Sci & Technol Dev INCT EM, CNPq, Rio De Janeiro - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 5
Document type: Review article
Source: PATHOGENS AND GLOBAL HEALTH; v. 113, n. 1, p. 1-13, JAN 2 2019.
Web of Science Citations: 2

Malaria remains a serious public health problem in Brazil despite a significant drop in the number of cases in the past decade. We conduct a comprehensive analysis of malaria transmission in Brazil to highlight the epidemiologically most relevant components that could help tackle the disease. We consider factors impacting on the malaria burden and transmission dynamics including the geographical occurrence of both autochthonous and imported infections, the distribution and abundance of malaria vectors and records of natural mosquito infections with Plasmodium. Our analysis identifies three discrete malaria transmission systems related to the Amazon rainforest, Atlantic rainforest and Brazilian coast, respectively. The Amazonian system accounts for 99% of all malaria cases in the country. It is largely due to autochthonous P. vivax and P. falciparum transmission by mosquitoes of the Nyssorhynchus subgenus, primarily Anopheles darlingi. Whilst P. vivax transmission is widespread, P. falciparum transmission is restricted to hotspot areas mostly in the States of Amazonas and Acre. This system is the major source of P. vivax exportation to the extra-Amazonian regions that are also affected by importation of P. falciparum from Africa. The Atlantic system comprises autochthonous P. vivax transmission typically by the bromeliad-associated mosquitoes An. cruzii and An. bellator of the Kerteszia subgenus. An. cruzii also transmits simian malaria parasites to humans. The third, widespread but geographically fragmented, system is found along the Brazilian coast and comprises P. vivax transmission mainly by An. aquasalis. We conclude that these geographically and biologically distinct malaria transmission systems require specific strategies for effective disease control. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 13/11343-6 - Characterization of the microbiota-mediated anti-dengue mechanisms in wild Aedes aegypti populations
Grantee:Jayme Augusto de Souza-Neto
Support type: Research Grants - Young Investigators Grants
FAPESP's process: 14/50454-0 - A lab system to study Plasmodium vivax transmission and interactions with the vector
Grantee:Jayme Augusto de Souza-Neto
Support type: Regular Research Grants