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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Neoceroplatus betaryiensis nov. sp. (Diptera: Keroplatidae) is the first record of a bioluminescent fungus-gnat in South America

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Falaschi, Rafaela L. [1] ; Amaral, Danilo T. [2] ; Santos, Isaias [3] ; Domingos, Adao H. R. [3] ; Johnson, Grant A. [3] ; Martins, Ana G. S. [3] ; Viroomal, Imran B. [3] ; Pompeia, Sergio L. [3] ; Mirza, Jeremy D. [4, 5] ; Oliveira, Anderson G. [5] ; Bechara, Etelvino J. H. [6] ; Viviani, Vadim R. [2] ; Stevani, V, Cassius
Total Authors: 13
[1] Univ Estadual Ponta Grossa, Programa Posgrad Biol Evolut, Dept Biol Estrutural Mol & Genet, Ponta Grossa, PR - Brazil
[2] Grad Sch Biotechnol & Environm Monitoring UFSCar, Dept Fis Quim & Matemat, Sorocaba, SP - Brazil
[3] IPBio Inst Pesquisas Biodiversidade, Iporanga, SP - Brazil
[4] Univ Fed Sao Paulo, Dept Quim, Inst Ciencias Ambientais Quim & Farmaceut, Diadema, SP - Brazil
[5] Univ Sao Paulo, Dept Oceanog Fis Quim & Geol, Inst Oceanog, Sao Paulo - Brazil
[6] V, Univ Sao Paulo, Inst Quim, Dept Quim Fundamental, Sao Paulo - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 6
Document type: Journal article
Source: SCIENTIFIC REPORTS; v. 9, AUG 5 2019.
Web of Science Citations: 0

Blue shining fungus gnats (Diptera) had been long reported in the Waitomo caves of New Zealand (Arachnocampa luminosa Skuse), in stream banks of the American Appalachian Mountains (Orfelia fultoni Fisher) in 1939 and in true spore eating Eurasiatic Keroplatus Bosc species. This current report observes that similar blue light emitting gnat larvae also occur nearby the Betary river in the buffer zone of High Ribeira River State Park (PETAR) in the Atlantic Forest of Brazil, where the larvae were found when on fallen branches or trunks enveloped in their own secreted silk. The new species is named Neoceroplatus betaryiensis nov. sp. (Diptera: Keroplatidae: Keroplatinae: Keroplatini) based on a morphological analysis. Neoceroplatus betaryiensis nov. sp. larvae emit blue bioluminescence that can be seen from their last abdominal segment and from two photophores located laterally on the first thoracic segment. When touched, the larvae can actively stop its luminescence, which returns when it is no longer being agitated. The in vitro bioluminescence spectrum of N. betaryiensis nov. sp. peaks at 472 nm, and cross-reactivity of hot and cold extracts with the luciferin-luciferase from Orfelia fultoni indicate significant similarity in both enzyme and substrate of the two species, and that the bioluminescence system in the subfamily Keroplatinae is conserved. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 10/05426-8 - Arthropod bioluminescence: biological diversity in Brazilian biomes, biochemical origin, structural/functional evolution of luciferases, molecular differentiation of lanterns, biotechnological, environmental and educational applications
Grantee:Vadim Viviani
Support type: Research Projects - Thematic Grants
FAPESP's process: 17/22501-2 - Electronic chemiexcitation in biological systems: bioluminescence and photochemistry in the dark
Grantee:Etelvino José Henriques Bechara
Support type: Research Projects - Thematic Grants
FAPESP's process: 13/16885-1 - Fungal bioluminescence: species survey, mechanistic study & toxicological assays
Grantee:Cassius Vinicius Stevani
Support type: Regular Research Grants