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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Applications of Marine-Derived Microorganisms and Their Enzymes in Biocatalysis and Biotransformation, the Underexplored Potentials

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Birolli, Willian G. [1, 2] ; Lima, Rafaely N. [1, 2] ; Porto, Andre L. M. [1]
Total Authors: 3
[1] Univ Sao Paulo, Lab Organ Chem & Biocatalysis, Sao Carlos Inst Chem, Sao Carlos, SP - Brazil
[2] Univ Fed Sao Carlos, Dept Chem, Ctr Exact Sci & Technol, Sao Carlos, SP - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 2
Document type: Review article
Source: FRONTIERS IN MICROBIOLOGY; v. 10, AUG 20 2019.
Web of Science Citations: 0

Biodiversity has been explored in the search for novel enzymes, including forests, savannas, tundras, deserts, and finally the sea. Marine microorganisms and their enzymes are capable of being active in high-salt concentration, large range of temperature, and high incidence of light and pressure, constituting an important source of unique biocatalysts. This review presents studies employing whole-cell processes of marine bacteria and fungi, aiming for new catalysts for different reactions in organic synthesis, such as reduction, oxidation, hydroxylation, hydrolysis, elimination, and conjugation. Genomics and protein engineering studies were also approached, and reactions employing isolated enzymes from different classes (oxidoreductases, hydrolases, lyases, and ligases) were described and summarized. Future biotechnological studies and process development should focus on molecular biology for the obtention of enzymes with interesting, fascinating and enhanced properties, starting from the exploration of microorganisms from the marine environment. This review approaches the literature about the use of marine-derived bacteria, fungi, and their enzymes for biocatalytic reactions of organic compounds, promoting a discussion about the possibilities of these microorganisms in the synthesis of different substances. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 14/18257-0 - New approaches in biocatalytic reactions
Grantee:Andre Luiz Meleiro Porto
Support type: Regular Research Grants
FAPESP's process: 12/19934-0 - Biodegradation of pesticides by microorganisms (fungi and bacteria)
Grantee:Andre Luiz Meleiro Porto
Support type: Regular Research Grants