Advanced search
Start date
(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Extensive Chromosomal Reorganization in Apistogramma Fishes (Cichlidae, Cichlinae) Fits the Complex Evolutionary Diversification of the Genus

Full text
Werneck Felix da Costa, Gideao Wagner [1] ; Cioffi, Marcelo de Bello [2] ; Liehr, Thomas [3] ; Feldberg, Eliana [4] ; Carlos Bertollo, Luiz Antonio [2] ; Molina, Wagner Franco [1]
Total Authors: 6
[1] Univ Fed Rio Grande do Norte, Ctr Biociencias, Dept Biol Celular & Genet, BR-59078970 Natal, RN - Brazil
[2] Univ Fed Sao Carlos, Dept Genet & Evolucao, Rodovia Washington Luiz, Km 235, CP 676, BR-13565905 Sao Carlos, SP - Brazil
[3] Friedrich Schiller Univ, Inst Human Genet, Klinikum 1, D-07747 Jena - Germany
[4] Inst Nacl de Pesquisas da Amazonia, Lab Genet Anim, Ave Andre Araujo 2936, BR-69077000 Manaus, Amazonas - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 4
Document type: Journal article
Web of Science Citations: 0

Neotropical cichlid fishes are one of the most diversified and evolutionarily successful species assemblages. Extremely similar forms and intraspecific polychromatism present challenges for the taxonomy of some of these groups. Several species complexes have a largely unknown origin and unresolved evolutionary processes. Dwarf cichlids of the genus Apistogramma, comprising more than a hundred species, exhibit intricate taxonomic and biogeographic patterns, with both allopatric and sympatric distributions. However, karyotype evolution and the role of chromosomal changes in Apistogramma are still unknown. In the present study, nine South American Apistogramma species were analyzed using conventional cytogenetic methods and the mapping of repetitive DNA sequences {[}18S rDNA, 5S rDNA, and (TTAGGG)n] by fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH). Our results showed that Apistogramma has unique cytogenetic characteristics in relation to closely related groups, such as a reduced 2n and a large number of bi-armed chromosomes. Interspecific patterns revealed a scenario of remarkable karyotypic changes, including a reduction of 2n, the occurrence of B-chromosomes and evolutionary dynamic of rDNA tandem repeats. In addition to the well-known pre-zygotic reproductive isolation, the karyotype reorganization in the genus suggests that chromosomal changes could act as postzygotic barriers in areas where Apistogramma congeners overlap. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 18/22033-1 - An intercontinental approach for the investigation of chromosome evolution, genetic diversity and biogeography in the order Osteoglossiformes (Teleostei: osteoglossomorpha). Part III
Grantee:Marcelo de Bello Cioffi
Support type: Regular Research Grants