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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Faecal DNA and camera traps detect an evolutionarily significant unit of the Amazonian brocket deer in the Brazilian Atlantic Forest

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Author(s):
de Oliveira, Marcio Leite [1] ; de Faria Peres, Pedro Henrique [1] ; Gatti, Andressa [2] ; Morales-Donoso, Jorge Alfonso [1] ; Mangini, Paulo Rogerio [3] ; Duarte, Jose Mauricio Barbanti [1]
Total Authors: 6
Affiliation:
[1] Sao Paulo State Univ, Deer Res & Conservat Ctr, Jaboticabal, SP - Brazil
[2] Inst Pesquisas Mata Atlantica IPEMA, Vitoria, ES - Brazil
[3] Brazilian Inst Conservat Med TRIADE, Curitiba, Parana - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 3
Document type: Journal article
Source: EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF WILDLIFE RESEARCH; v. 66, n. 2 FEB 21 2020.
Web of Science Citations: 1
Abstract

The Amazonian grey brocket deer (Mazama nemorivaga) is a large mammal species that until now has been assumed to be limited to the Amazon region and has not been categorized to be threatened. In this study, we provide evidences, obtained by camera traps and faecal DNA, of the existence of two populations of this species in the Brazilian Atlantic Forest, more than a thousand kilometres away from its assumed distribution limit. Furthermore, we employed genetic analysis to identify the collected faecal samples using detection dogs in six protected areas that were within 500 km of the first photographic records. Phylogenetic analysis, performed on hair samples, indicated that these populations were genetically related to the M. nemorivaga population of the western Amazon. The discovery of these populations emphasizes the importance of noninvasive techniques for species detection of elusive or rare populations. It is necessary to re-evaluate the conservation status of this species, with special attention to the detected populations (Linhares-Sooretama forest complex and the Una Biological Reserve). The conservation of these two new populations of evolutionarily significant units is urgent, and we recommend the adoption of measures against highly impacting deer threats, such as hunting and predation by domestic dogs. Finally, before any drastic population management is taken, it is necessary to determine whether there is historical or recent genetic isolation among the M. nemorivaga populations of the Atlantic Forest. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 15/25742-5 - Distribution and density of Mazama genus deer species at the Atlantic Forest
Grantee:Márcio Leite de Oliveira
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Post-Doctorate
FAPESP's process: 17/02200-8 - Distribution and gene flow between genetic variants of the red brocket deer (Mazama americana Erxleben, 1777) in Brazil
Grantee:Pedro Henrique de Faria Peres
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Doctorate
FAPESP's process: 17/07014-8 - The use of actual topotypes to produce genotypes and cytotypes in the taxonomic review of the Mazama genus: the basis for the species conservation
Grantee:José Maurício Barbanti Duarte
Support type: BIOTA-FAPESP Program - Thematic Grants