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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

ACCESS: An agent-based model to explore job accessibility inequalities

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Author(s):
Tomasiello, Diego Bogado [1] ; Giannotti, Mariana [1] ; Feitosa, Flavia F. [2]
Total Authors: 3
Affiliation:
[1] Univ Sao Paulo, Polytech Sch, LabGeo Lab Geospatial Anal, Av Prof Almeida Prado, Trav 2 83, BR-05508070 Sao Paulo, SP - Brazil
[2] Fed Univ ABC, Ctr Engn Modeling & Appl Social Sci, Alameda Univ, BR-09606045 Sao Bernardo Do Campo, SP - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 2
Document type: Journal article
Source: COMPUTERS ENVIRONMENT AND URBAN SYSTEMS; v. 81, MAY 2020.
Web of Science Citations: 0
Abstract

This paper presents ACCESS, an agent-based model for exploring job accessibility inequalities among different social groups. ACCESS allows for investigation on the impact of public transport and land use policies on the residential location of the working population and their accessibility to job opportunities. ACCESS can be adapted to different realities, allowing to represent societies with diverse socioeconomic disparities. A utility function composed of job accessibility and neighborhood status is maximized by agents during the residential location choice process. The model outputs include Lorenz curves considering the accessibility dimension, as well as Gini metrics to support the analysis of interventions impacts on accessibility inequalities. An empirical case study is performed on the municipality of Sao Paulo, which is characterized by high levels of inequality. Five experiments were simulated considering three different socio-occupational groups. The first experiment includes (i) new public mass rail transport lines, and the other four experiments consider the new transport infrastructure from the first experiment and add (ii) new social housing location strategies; (iii) new job locations; (iv) new jobs and different social housing supplies and location strategies; and (v) provision of social housing based on a government housing program. The results show that ACCESS allowed the residential location of different social status groups to be depicted with a high correlation to the observed situation. Regarding the case study, the results indicate that only having interventions on transport system is insufficient to provide a significant change in terms of inequality. Better results that impact inequality are reached with public mass rail transport interventions associated with land use policies with different social housing and job location programs. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 15/50127-2 - Resolution: resilient systems for land use transportation
Grantee:Eduardo Cesar Leão Marques
Support type: Research Projects - Thematic Grants