de Avila, A. C. F. C. M.
da Silveira, J. C.
Total Authors: 2
 Univ Sao Paulo, Fac Anim Sci & Food Engn, Dept Vet Med, Ave Duque Caxias Norte 225, Pirassununga 13635900, SP - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 1
REPRODUCTION FERTILITY AND DEVELOPMENT;
Web of Science Citations:
The follicle is a dynamic microenvironment in the ovary where the oocyte develops. Intercellular communication between somatic cells and the oocyte inside the follicle is essential to generate a competent gamete. Extracellular vesicles are nanoparticles secreted by cells that mediate cell-to-cell communication in the follicle microenvironment and can be obtained from the follicular fluid. These extracellular vesicles have been studied as biomarkers and supplementation tools to mimic physiological conditions during assisted reproductive techniques because they are vehicles of bioactive molecules. Therefore, this paper reviews the importance of changes in the ovarian follicle and the effects of extracellular vesicles from follicular fluid during oocyte maturation and early embryo development. Finally, we propose that is important to consider the source of the extracellular vesicles to improve diagnostic methods and to increase in vitro embryo production. (AU)