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(Reference retrieved automatically from SciELO through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Impact of physical activity during weekdays and weekends on fat mass among adults: 12-month cohort study

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Author(s):
Alessandra Madia Mantovani ; André Oliveira Werneck ; Ricardo Ribeiro Agostinete ; Manoel Carlos Spiguel Lima ; Jamile Sanches Codogno ; Bruna Camilo Turi-Lynch ; Rômulo Araújo Fernandes
Total Authors: 7
Document type: Journal article
Source: São Paulo Medical Journal; v. 138, n. 3, p. 201-207, Jun. 2020.
Web of Science Citations: 0
Abstract

ABSTRACT BACKGROUND: Physical activity (PA) practices seem to differ between weekdays and weekends and these pattern changes can affect body fat differently. However, previous studies did not assess the mediation effect of weekday and weekend PA on maintenance of body fat using sophisticated statistical models. OBJECTIVE: To analyze the mediation effect of PA during weekdays and weekends on maintenance of fat mass over a 12-month follow-up. DESIGN AND SETTING: Longitudinal cohort study (12 months) conducted at a public university in Presidente Prudente, Brazil. METHODS: A sample of 225 adults (117 females) was used. Body fatness and fat mass were assessed using dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry. PA levels were assessed using a pedometer. The statistical analysis consisted of paired-sample t tests, independent-sample t tests, Pearson correlations and mediation models. RESULTS: After 12 months, weekend PA had decreased while body composition indicators remained stable (without changes). The correlation between fat mass at baseline and follow-up was high for both sexes (men: 0.966; women: 0.941; P-value = 0.001 for both). Moreover, PA indices were inversely but moderately related to fat mass at baseline and follow-up. Lastly, weekend PA mediated the association between fat mass at baseline and follow-up (P-value < 0.05) by around 2% and 4%. CONCLUSION: Weekend PA mediated the association between fat mass at baseline and fat mass after one year of follow-up among these adults. Further studies are required to investigate the association between physical activity, body fat and other variables such as dietary patterns and sleep time. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 17/09182-5 - Impact of aquatic sport participation on markers of bone turnover among adolescents: ABCD - growth study
Grantee:Ricardo Ribeiro Agostinete
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Doctorate
FAPESP's process: 17/50026-7 - Impact of organized sports on health care costs of adolescents: ABCD Growth Study
Grantee:Rômulo Araújo Fernandes
Support type: Regular Research Grants
FAPESP's process: 17/27234-2 - Longitudinal association between biological maturation, body fatness and sports participation predicting the risk of metabolic syndrome and C-reactive protein: structural equation modelling (ABCD - growth study)
Grantee:André de Oliveira Werneck
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Master
FAPESP's process: 15/20460-1 - Effect of early sport practice on bone mass and health care expenditures in adulthood: a 12-month cohort
Grantee:Rômulo Araújo Fernandes
Support type: Scholarships abroad - Research