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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Skeletal muscle healing by M1-like macrophages produced by transient expression of exogenous GM-CSF

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Author(s):
Martins, Leonardo [1] ; Gallo, Camila Congentino [1] ; Honda, Tamisa Seeko Bandeira [1] ; Alves, Patricia Terra [1] ; Stilhano, Roberta Sessa [2] ; Rosa, Daniela Santoro [3] ; Koh, Timothy Jon [4] ; Han, Sang Won [1, 5]
Total Authors: 8
Affiliation:
[1] Univ Fed Sao Paulo, Interdisciplinary Ctr Gene Therapy, Escola Paulista Med, Sao Paulo - Brazil
[2] Fac Ciencias Med Santa Casa Sao Paulo, Dept Physiol Sci, Sao Paulo - Brazil
[3] Univ Fed Sao Paulo, Dept Microbiol Immunol & Parasitol, Escola Paulista Med, Sao Paulo - Brazil
[4] Univ Illinois, Dept Kinesiol & Nutr, Chicago, IL - USA
[5] Univ Fed Sao Paulo, Dept Biophys, Escola Paulista Med, Rua Mirassol 207, BR-04044010 Sao Paulo, SP - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 5
Document type: Journal article
Source: STEM CELL RESEARCH & THERAPY; v. 11, n. 1 NOV 6 2020.
Web of Science Citations: 0
Abstract

Background After traumatic skeletal muscle injury, muscle healing is often incomplete and produces extensive fibrosis. The sequence of M1 and M2 macrophage accumulation and the duration of each subtype in the injured area may help to direct the relative extent of fibrogenesis and myogenesis during healing. We hypothesized that increasing the number of M1 macrophages early after traumatic muscle injury would produce more cellular and molecular substrates for myogenesis and fewer substrates for fibrosis, leading to better muscle healing. Methods To test this hypothesis, we transfected skeletal muscle with a plasmid vector to transiently express GM-CSF shortly after injury to drive the polarization of macrophages towards the M1 subset. C57BL/6 mouse tibialis anterior (TA) muscles were injured by contusion and electroporated with uP-mGM, which is a plasmid vector that transiently expresses GM-CSF. Myogenesis, angiogenesis, and fibrosis were evaluated by histology, immunohistochemistry, and RT-qPCR; subpopulations of macrophages by flow cytometry; and muscle functioning by the maximum running speed on the treadmill and the recovery of muscle mass. Results Muscle injury increased the number of local M1-like macrophages and decreased the number of M2-like macrophages on day 4, and uP-mGM treatment enhanced this variation. uP-mGM treatment decreased TGF-beta 1 protein expression on day 4, and the Sirius Red-positive area decreased from 35.93 +/- 15.45% (no treatment) to 2.9% +/- 6.5% (p < 0.01) on day 30. uP-mGM electroporation also increased Hgf, Hif1 alpha, and Mtor gene expression; arteriole density; and muscle fiber number during regeneration. The improvement in the quality of the muscle tissue after treatment with uP-mGM affected the increase in the TA muscle mass and the maximum running speed on a treadmill. Conclusion Collectively, our data show that increasing the number of M1-like macrophages immediately after traumatic muscle injury promotes muscle recovery with less fibrosis, and this can be achieved by the transient expression of GM-CSF. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 16/04229-0 - EVALUATION OF REGENERATIVE AND REPARATIVE EFFECT OF IL-4 IN ISCHEMIC MUSCLE THROUGH EXPANSION OF TYPE M2 RESIDENT MACROPHAGES
Grantee:Tâmisa Seeko Bandeira Honda
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Master
FAPESP's process: 11/15417-9 - ROLE OF GM-CSF IN SKELETAL MUSCLE TISSUE REPAIR IN VIVO
Grantee:Leonardo Martins Silva
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Master
FAPESP's process: 18/09203-5 - Genetic engineering of macrophages to acquire Phd2 +/- phenotype from induced pluripotent stem cells and its use for treatment of Limb Ischemia
Grantee:Patrícia Terra Alves
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Post-Doctorate