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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Venom Profiling of the Insular Species Bothrops alcatraz: Characterization of Proteome, Glycoproteome, and N-Terminome Using Terminal Amine Isotopic Labeling of Substrates

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Andrade-Silva, Debora [1] ; Zelanis, Andre [2] ; Travaglia-Cardoso, Silvia R. [3] ; Nishiyama, Jr., Milton Y. [1] ; Serrano, Solange M. T. [1]
Total Authors: 5
[1] Inst Butantan, Ctr Toxins Immune Response & Cell Signaling CeTIC, Lab Toxinol Aplicada, BR-05503900 Sao Paulo - Brazil
[2] Univ Fed Sao Paulo, Dept Sci & Technol, Funct Prote Lab, ICT UNIFESP, BR-12231280 Sao Jose Dos Campos, SP - Brazil
[3] Inst Butantan, Museu Biol, BR-05503100 Sao Paulo - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 3
Document type: Journal article
Source: JOURNAL OF PROTEOME RESEARCH; v. 20, n. 2, p. 1341-1358, FEB 5 2021.
Web of Science Citations: 0

Bothrops alcatraz, a species endemic to Alcatrazes Islands, is regarded as critically endangered due to its small area of occurrence and the declining quality of its habitat. We recently reported the identification of N-glycans attached to toxins of Bothrops species, showing similar compositions in venoms of the B. jararaca complex (B. jararaca, B. insularis, and B. alcatraz). Here, we characterized B. alcatraz venom using electrophoretic, proteomic, and glycoproteomic approaches. Electrophoresis showed that B. alcatraz venom differs from B. jararaca and B. insularis; however, N-glycan removal revealed similarities between them, indicating that the occupation of N-glycosylation sites contributes to interspecies variability in the B. jararaca complex. Metalloproteinase was the major toxin class identified in the B. alcatraz venom proteome followed by serine proteinase and C-type lectin, and overall, the adult B. alcatraz venom resembles that of B. jararaca juvenile specimens. The comparative glycoproteomic analysis of B. alcatraz venom with B. jararaca and B. insularis indicated that there may be differences in the utilization of N-glycosylation motifs among their different toxin classes. Furthermore, we prospected for the first time the N-terminome of a snake venom using the terminal amine isotopic labeling of substrates (TAILS) approach and report the presence of similar to 30% of N-termini corresponding to truncated toxin forms and similar to 37% N-terminal sequences blocked by pyroglutamic acid in B. alcatraz venom. These findings underscore a low correlation between venom gland transcriptomes and proteomes and support the view that post-translational processes play a major role in shaping venom phenotypes. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 13/13548-4 - Proteomic/Glycoproteomic characterization of the venoms of the Bothrops jararaca complex with emphasis on the N-terminome and N-glycome of toxins
Grantee:Solange Maria de Toledo Serrano
Support type: Regular Research Grants
FAPESP's process: 16/16935-7 - A post-translational modification perspective of Bothrops venom toxins: site-specific proteomic characterization of N-glycans and Cys residues.
Grantee:Débora Andrade Silva
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Doctorate
FAPESP's process: 13/07467-1 - CeTICS - Center of Toxins, Immune-Response and Cell Signaling
Grantee:Hugo Aguirre Armelin
Support type: Research Grants - Research, Innovation and Dissemination Centers - RIDC
FAPESP's process: 13/14651-3 - Experimental approaches in proteomics and glycomics applied to the characterization of Bothrops alcatraz
Grantee:Débora Andrade Silva
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Master