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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Evaluation of soil organic matter from integrated production systems using laser-induced fluorescence spectroscopy

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Author(s):
Tadini, Amanda M. [1, 2] ; Xavier, Alfredo A. P. [1] ; Milori, Debora M. B. P. [1] ; Oliveira, Patricia P. A. [3] ; Pezzopane, Jose R. [3] ; Bernardi, Alberto C. C. [3] ; Martin-Neto, Ladislau [1]
Total Authors: 7
Affiliation:
[1] EMBRAPA Instrumentacao, Rua XV Novembro 1452, BR-13560970 Sao Carlos, SP - Brazil
[2] Old Dominion Univ, Dept Chem & Biochem, Norfolk, VA - USA
[3] Embrapa Pecuaria Sudeste, Km 234 Fazenda Canchim, BR-13560970 Sao Carlos, SP - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 3
Document type: Journal article
Source: SOIL & TILLAGE RESEARCH; v. 211, JUL 2021.
Web of Science Citations: 0
Abstract

Agricultural areas under integrated production systems, such as Integrated Crop-Livestock-Forest System (CLFS), have the potential to sequestrate carbon (C) since both Soil Organic Matter (SOM) content and trees biomass increase thus mitigating the emission of greenhouse gases (GHGs) from agriculture. Regarding soil aspects, the C content stands out as the main indicator, but the structural aspect of SOM is also relevant since it plays a key role in the chemical stability of C compounds and the soil lifetime of C compounds. Laser-Induced Fluorescence Spectroscopy (LIFS) is an effective technique to evaluate the SOM humification index (HLIFS) from practically intact whole soil samples under different agricultural systems. Thus, the objective of this study was to analyze the SOM humification index in different integrated systems, such as Integrated Crop-Livestock-Forest System (CLFS), Integrated Livestock-Forest System (LFS), Integrated Crop-Livestock System (CLS), and in references areas, such as Intensive Pasture (INT), Extensive Pasture (EXT) and Native Forest (NF). For this purpose, samples of Redyellow Latosol (Haplorthox by Soil taxonomy) from the experimental site located at Embrapa Pecu ` aria Sudeste (Southeast of Brazil) were collected five years after the establishment of the integrated systems. Samples were collected at soil depths of 0-5, 5-10, 10-20, 20-30, 30-40, 40-60, 60-80, and 80-100 cm. Pellets of the whole soil samples were prepared for LIFS analysis. In these areas, SOM humification indices (HLIFS) presented the following descending order: CLS > EXT > INT > LFS > CLFS > NF. Previous results have shown a greater soil organic carbon stock in these integrated production systems than in the NF area, suggesting C sequestration in agricultural soil. In the present study, SOM was classified by LIFS as more chemically stable in integrated production systems than in native vegetation. Higher amounts of fluorescent compounds were identified from LIFS data, probably resulting from condensed aromatic groups. SOM with more recalcitrant groups normally has a longer lifetime in the soil, indicating a long-term contribution to mitigating climate change by avoiding fast SOM decomposition and CO2 return to the atmosphere. Also, for the first time, this study was able to identify a positive correlation (R = 0.79) between the SOM humification index (HLIFS) and the Cation Exchange Capacity (CEC)/C content ratio of whole soil samples, another innovative contribution from soil LIFS analyses. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 19/02939-9 - Structural and molecular evaluation of soil organic matter from integrated crop-livestock-forest systems
Grantee:Amanda Maria Tadini
Support type: Scholarships abroad - Research Internship - Post-doctor
FAPESP's process: 17/22950-1 - Dynamics, reactivity and structural aspects of soil organic matter under integration crop-livestock-forest systems
Grantee:Amanda Maria Tadini
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Post-Doctorate
FAPESP's process: 17/20084-5 - Strategic practices for mitigating greenhouse gas emissions in grassland systems of the Brazilian Southeast
Grantee:Paulo Henrique Mazza Rodrigues
Support type: Research Program on Global Climate Change - Thematic Grants