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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

peech and the swallowing threshold in single implant overdenture wearers: A paired control stud

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Author(s):
Meira, Ingrid Andrade [1] ; Pinheiro, Mayara Abreu [1] ; Prado-Tozzi, Daniela Almeida [2] ; Caceres-Barreno, Andres Humberto [3] ; de Moraes, Marcio [3] ; Rodrigues Garcia, Renata Cunha Matheus [1]
Total Authors: 6
Affiliation:
[1] Univ Estadual Campinas, Piracicaba Dent Sch, Dept Prosthodont & Periodontol, Avenida Limeira, 901, Piracicaba, BR-13414903 Sao Paulo, SP - Brazil
[2] Private practice Speech Pathol, Piracicaba - Brazil
[3] Univ Estadual Campinas, Piracicaba Dent Sch, Dept Oral & Maxillofacial Surg, Sao Paulo - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 3
Document type: Journal article
Source: Journal of Oral Rehabilitation; v. 48, n. 11 AUG 2021.
Web of Science Citations: 0
Abstract

Background Single implant mandibular overdentures (SIMOs) can improve mastication in edentulous elderly people. However, little attention has been paid to their effects on articulation disorders and the swallowing threshold relative to those of conventional complete dentures (CDs). Objective To compare the effects of new conventional CD set and SIMOs on articulation disorders, mandibular movements during speech and swallowing threshold using a paired study design. Methods Twenty-two edentulous Brazilian Portuguese-speaking elderly people (mean age 66.7 +/- 4.6 years) were first evaluated whilst wearing their old conventional CDs. Articulation disorders were analysed by audio and video recordings, mandibular movements during speech were measured by kinesiography, and the swallowing threshold was assessed by masticatory cycle counting and medium particle size (X-50) calculation. Participants then received new conventional CDs, and evaluations were repeated 2 months later. Subsequently, single implants were installed in the midlines of subjects' mandibles, and the conventional CDs were converted to SIMOs. After 2 months of SIMOs use, the evaluations were repeated. Data were submitted to the Cochran-Mantel-Haenszel and ANOVA. Results No difference in articulation disorders was found between new conventional CD and SIMO use. The frequency of anterior lisp during /s/ and /z/ phoneme pronunciation was reduced with new conventional CD use relative to old conventional CD use (p < .05). The X-50 decreased progressively with new conventional CD and SIMO use (both p < .05). Conclusion SIMOs do not alter speech relative to new well-fitted conventional CDs, but improved the swallowing threshold, in edentulous elderly people. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 18/23013-4 - Impact of overdentures retained by a single mandibular implant on the swallowing threshold, quality of life and speech of edentulous elderly
Grantee:Ingrid Andrade Meira
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Doctorate (Direct)
FAPESP's process: 17/11098-2 - Influence of mandibular overdentures supported by a single central implant on the speech of edentulous elderly
Grantee:Ingrid Andrade Meira
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Master