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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

FGF-2 induces a failure of cell cycle progression in cells harboring amplified K-Ras, revealing new insights into oncogene-induced senescence

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Author(s):
Lund, Peder J. [1] ; Lopes, Mariana [1, 2] ; Sidoli, Simone [3, 1] ; Coradin, Mariel [4, 1] ; de Luna Vitorino, Francisca Nathalia [2] ; Chagas da Cunha, Julia Pinheiro [2] ; Garcia, Benjamin A. [1]
Total Authors: 7
Affiliation:
[1] Univ Penn, Perelman Sch Med, Epigenet Inst, Dept Biochem & Biophys, Philadelphia, PA 19104 - USA
[2] Inst Butantan, Ctr Toxins Immune Response & Cell Signaling CeTIC, Lab Ciclo Celular, BR-05503900 Sao Paulo - Brazil
[3] Albert Einstein Coll Med, Dept Biochem, Bronx, NY 10461 - USA
[4] Univ Penn, Perelman Sch Med, Biochem & Mol Biophys Grad Grp, Philadelphia, PA 19104 - USA
Total Affiliations: 4
Document type: Journal article
Source: MOLECULAR OMICS; v. 17, n. 5, p. 725-739, OCT 11 2021.
Web of Science Citations: 0
Abstract

Paradoxically, oncogenes that drive cell cycle progression may also trigger pathways leading to senescence, thereby inhibiting the growth of tumorigenic cells. Knowledge of how these pathways operate, and how tumor cells may evade these pathways, is important for understanding tumorigenesis. The Y1 cell line, which harbors an amplification of the proto-oncogene Ras, rapidly senesces in response to the mitogen fibroblast growth factor-2 (FGF-2). To gain a more complete picture of how FGF-2 promotes senescence, we employed a multi-omics approach to analyze histone modifications, mRNA and protein expression, and protein phosphorylation in Y1 cells treated with FGF-2. Compared to control cells treated with serum alone, FGF-2 caused a delayed accumulation of acetylation on histone H4 and higher levels of H3K27me3. Sequencing analysis revealed decreased expression of cell cycle-related genes with concomitant loss of H3K27ac. At the same time, FGF-2 promoted the expression of p21, various cytokines, and MAPK-related genes. Nuclear envelope proteins, particularly lamin B1, displayed increased phosphorylation in response to FGF-2. Proteome analysis suggested alterations in cellular metabolism, as evident by modulated expression of enzymes involved in purine biosynthesis, tRNA aminoacylation, and the TCA cycle. We propose that Y1 cells senesce due to an inability to progress through the cell cycle, which may stem from DNA damage or TGFb signaling. Altogether, the phenotype of Y1 cells is consistent with rapidly established oncogene-induced senescence, demonstrating the synergy between growth factors and oncogenes in driving senescence and bringing additional insight into this tumor suppressor mechanism. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 16/24881-4 - Nuclear proteome alterations induced by growth factor along cell cycle in mice tumour cells
Grantee:Mariana de Camargo Lopes
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Doctorate (Direct)
FAPESP's process: 15/04867-4 - Nuclear proteome alterations induced by growth factor along cell cycle in mice tumour cells
Grantee:Mariana de Camargo Lopes
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Doctorate (Direct)
FAPESP's process: 13/07467-1 - CeTICS - Center of Toxins, Immune-Response and Cell Signaling
Grantee:Hugo Aguirre Armelin
Support type: Research Grants - Research, Innovation and Dissemination Centers - RIDC
FAPESP's process: 17/15835-1 - Cross-talk between signaling pathway and histone modifications in response to growth factor stimulation
Grantee:Mariana de Camargo Lopes
Support type: Scholarships abroad - Research Internship - Doctorate (Direct)
FAPESP's process: 18/15553-9 - Going deeper into Trypanosoma cruzi chromatin regulation: identifying new players and quizzing its impact on a potential transcription control
Grantee:Julia Pinheiro Chagas da Cunha
Support type: Research Grants - Young Investigators Grants - Phase 2
FAPESP's process: 11/22619-7 - Nuclei and chromatin alterations through cell cycle and senescence in mammalian cells
Grantee:Julia Pinheiro Chagas da Cunha
Support type: Research Grants - Young Investigators Grants
FAPESP's process: 17/18344-9 - Quantitative chromatin proteomics upon FGF2 treatment: analysis of transcriptional regulation and involvement of cdc42
Grantee:Francisca Nathália de Luna Vitorino
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Doctorate (Direct)