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Linking Urban Floods to Citizen Science and Low Impact Development in Poorly Gauged Basins under Climate Changes for Dynamic Resilience Evaluation

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Fava, Maria Clara ; de Macedo, Marina Batalini ; Buarque, Ana Carolina Sarmento ; Saraiva, Antonio Mauro ; Delbem, Alexandre Claudio Botazzo ; Mendiondo, Eduardo Mario
Total Authors: 6
Document type: Journal article
Source: WATER; v. 14, n. 9, p. 24-pg., 2022-05-01.

Cities must develop actions that reduce flood risk in the face of extreme rainfall events. In this study, the dynamic resilience of the Gregorio catchment (Sao Carlos, Brazil) was assessed. The catchment lacks environmental monitoring and suffers from recurrent floods. The resilience curves were made considering the water depth in the drainage system as the performance index, obtained by simulations with SWMM and HEC-RAS. The calibration of the flood extension was performed using citizen science data. The contribution to increasing the dynamic resilience by implementing decentralized low impact development (LID) practices was also evaluated. For this purpose, bioretention cells were added to the SWMM simulations. The resilience curves were then calculated for the current and future climate scenario, with and without LID, for return periods of 5, 10, 50, and 100 years and duration of 30, 60, and 120 min. Intensity-duration-frequency curves (IDFs) updated by the regional climate model MIROC5 for 2050 and 2100 were used. The results showed a significant improvement in the system's resilience for light storms and the current period due to LID practice interventions. Efficiencies were reduced for moderate and heavy storms with no significant drops in floodwater depth and resilience regardless of the scenario. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 20/03029-3 - Multiobjective optimization for dealing with complex problems related to floods
Grantee:Maria Clara Fava
Support Opportunities: Scholarships in Brazil - Post-Doctoral
FAPESP's process: 19/23393-4 - MADIS Management of Disaster Risk and Societal Resilience (MADIS)
Grantee:Adelaide Cassia Nardocci
Support Opportunities: Regular Research Grants
FAPESP's process: 14/50848-9 - INCT 2014: INCT for Climate Change
Grantee:Jose Antonio Marengo Orsini
Support Opportunities: Research Program on Global Climate Change - Thematic Grants