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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Photoelectrochemical, photophysical and morphological studies of electrostatic layer-by-layer thin films based on poly(p-phenylenevinylene) and single-walled carbon nanotubes

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Author(s):
Almeida, L. C. P. [1] ; Zucolotto, V. [2] ; Domingues, R. A. [1] ; Atvars, T. D. Z. [1] ; Nogueira, A. F. [1]
Total Authors: 5
Affiliation:
[1] Univ Campinas UNICAMP, Inst Chem, BR-13083970 Campinas, SP - Brazil
[2] Univ Sao Paulo, Phys Inst Sao Carlos, BR-13560970 Sao Carlos, SP - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 2
Document type: Journal article
Source: PHOTOCHEMICAL & PHOTOBIOLOGICAL SCIENCES; v. 10, n. 11, p. 1766-1772, 2011.
Web of Science Citations: 3
Abstract

The preparation of multilayer films based on poly(p-phenylenevinylene) (PPV) and carboxylic-functionalized single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWNT-COOH) by electrostatic interaction using the layer-by-layer (LbL) deposition method is reported herein. The multilayer build-up, monitored by UV-Vis and photoluminescence (PL) spectroscopies, displayed a linear behavior with the number of PPV and SWNT-COOH layers deposited that undergo deviation and spectral changes for thicker films. Film morphology was evaluated by AFM and epifluorescence microscopies showing remarkable changes after incorporation of SWNT-COOH layers. Films without SWNT show roughness and present dispersed grains; films with SWNT-COOH layers are flatter and some carbon nanotube bundles can be visualized. The photoinduced charge transfer from the conducting polymer to SWNT-COOH was analyzed by PL quenching either by the decrease of the emission intensity or by the presence of dark domains in the epifluorescence micrographs. Photoelectrochemical characterization was performed under white light and the films containing SWNT-COOH displayed photocurrent values between 2.0 mu A cm(-2) and 7.5 mu A cm(-2), as the amount of these materials increases in the film. No photocurrent was observed for the film without carbon nanotubes. Photocurrent generation was enhanced and became more stable when an intermediate layer of PEDOT:PSS was interposed between the active layer and the ITO electrode, indicating an improvement in hole transfer to the contacts. Our results indicate that these multilayer films are promising candidates as active layers for organic photovoltaic cells. (AU)