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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

SET overexpression decreases cell detoxification efficiency: ALDH2 and GSTP1 are downregulated, DDR is impaired and DNA damage accumulates

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Almeida, Luciana O. [1] ; Goto, Renata N. [1] ; Pestana, Cezar R. [2] ; Uyemura, Sergio A. [1] ; Gutkind, Silvio [3] ; Curti, Carlos [2] ; Leopoldino, Andreia M. [1]
Total Authors: 7
[1] Univ Sao Paulo, Dept Anal Clin Toxicol & Bromatol, Fac Ciencias Farmaceut Ribeirao Preto, BR-14040903 Ribeirao Preto, SP - Brazil
[2] Univ Sao Paulo, Dept Quim & Fis, Fac Ciencias Farmaceut Ribeirao Preto, BR-14040903 Ribeirao Preto, SP - Brazil
[3] Natl Inst Dent & Craniofacial Res, Oral & Pharyngeal Canc Branch, NIH, Bethesda, MD - USA
Total Affiliations: 3
Document type: Journal article
Source: FEBS Journal; v. 279, n. 24, p. 4615-4628, DEC 2012.
Web of Science Citations: 12

Alcohol and tobacco consumption are risk factors for head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC). Aldehyde dehydrogenase 2 (ALDH2) and glutathione Stransferase pi 1 (GSTP1) are important enzymes for cellular detoxification and low efficiencies are implicated in cancer. We assessed the potential role of SET protein overexpression, a histone acetylation modulator accumulated in HNSCC, in gene regulation and protein activity of ALDH2 and GSTP1. SET was knocked down in HN13, HN12 and Cal27, and overexpressed in HEK293 cells; ethanol and cisplatin were the chemical agents. Cells with SET overexpression (HEK293/SET, HN13 and HN12) showed lower ALDH2 and GSTP1 mRNA levels and trichostatin A increased them (real-time PCR). Ethanol upregulated GSTP1 and ALDH2 mRNAs, whereas cisplatin upregulated GSTP1 in HEK293 cells. SET-chromatin binding revealed SET interaction with ALDH2 and GSTP1 promoters, specifically via SET NAP domain; ethanol and cisplatin abolished SET binding. ALDH2 and GSTP1 efficiency was assessed by enzymatic and comet assay. A lower ALDH2 activity was associated with greater DNA damage (tail intensity) in HEK293/SET compared with HEK293 cells, whereas HN13/siSET showed ALDH2 activity higher than HN13 cells. HN13/siSET cells showed increased tail intensity. Cisplatin-induced DNA damage response showed negative relationship between SET overexpression and BRCA2 recruitment. SET downregulated repair genes ATM, BRCA1 and CHEK2 and upregulated TP53. Cisplatin-induced cell-cycle arrest occurred in G0/G1 and S in HEK293 cells, whereas HEK293/SET showed G2/M stalling. Overall, cisplatin was more cytotoxic for HN13 than HN13/siSET cells. Our data suggest a role for SET in cellular detoxification, DNA damage response and genome integrity. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 09/10783-7 - Molecular study of hnRNP K and SET proteins on transcription and translational proteins associated in oral tumorigenesis
Grantee:Luciana Oliveira de Almeida
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Post-Doctorate
FAPESP's process: 09/52228-0 - Studies on resistance to apoptosis in cancer, head/neck model: signaling via with emphasis on PIP3-Akt/SET, oxidative stress, mitochondria and relationships
Grantee:Carlos Curti
Support type: Research Projects - Thematic Grants
FAPESP's process: 10/20384-0 - Identification of genes, miRNAs and proteins regulated by set oncoprotein and associated on malignization and tumor progression in HNSCC using in vitro and in vivo models
Grantee:Andréia Machado Leopoldino
Support type: Regular Research Grants
FAPESP's process: 10/20536-4 - Study of functions of the acidic domain and NAP domain of SET protein in cell line
Grantee:Renata Nishida Goto
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Scientific Initiation