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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Adsorption of carotenes and phosphorus from palm oil onto acid activated bleaching earth: Equilibrium, kinetics and thermodynamics

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Author(s):
Silva, Simone M. [1, 2] ; Sampaio, Klicia A. [2] ; Ceriani, Roberta [3] ; Verhe, Roland [2] ; Stevens, Christian [2] ; De Greyt, Wim [4] ; Meirelles, Antonio J. A. [1]
Total Authors: 7
Affiliation:
[1] Univ Estadual Campinas, Sch Food Engn, Dept Food Engn, EXTRAE, Campinas, SP - Brazil
[2] Univ Ghent, Fac Biosci Engn, Dept Sustainable Organ Chem & Technol, B-9000 Ghent - Belgium
[3] Univ Estadual Campinas, Sch Chem Engn, Dept Chem Proc, Campinas, SP - Brazil
[4] Desmet Ballestra, Zaventem - Belgium
Total Affiliations: 4
Document type: Journal article
Source: Journal of Food Engineering; v. 118, n. 4, p. 341-349, OCT 2013.
Web of Science Citations: 37
Abstract

In this work, the adsorption of carotenes and phosphorus from crude palm oil onto acid activated bleaching earth was investigated under bleaching conditions, i.e. high temperature (90, 105 and 115 degrees C) and low pressure (less than 50 mbar). Bleaching earth was added to palm oil in a range of 0.5-3.0 wt%. Results presented in this work suggest that adsorption of beta-carotene increases with temperature, while phosphorus adsorption was less affected. Both the pseudo-first-order and the pseudo-second-order kinetic model describe efficiently the beta-carotene experimental data. Intra-particle diffusion is involved in beta-carotene adsorption mechanism, although it is not the sole rate limiting step in the adsorption onto acid activated bleaching earth. Phosphorus adsorption was too fast resulting in a lack of kinetic data. The equilibrium data were described better by Langmuir and Freundlich models, for beta-carotene and phosphorus, respectively. A multi-component Freundlich type isotherm was tested. Its competition coefficients were too low, and it assumed the same form as the monocomponent Freundlich. A thermodynamic study demonstrated that beta-carotene and phosphorus adsorption is spontaneous, endothermic and an entropy-driven process. Isosteric heat values suggest that the interactions between adsorbate and adsorbent are heterogeneous. (C) 2013 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 10/16634-0 - Separation processes by stripping in the fat and oil industry
Grantee:Roberta Ceriani
Support type: Regular Research Grants
FAPESP's process: 08/56258-8 - Phase equilibrium and purification processes in the production of biofuels and biocompounds
Grantee:Antonio José de Almeida Meirelles
Support type: Program for Research on Bioenergy (BIOEN) - Thematic Grants