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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Toxicity assessment of TiO2 nanoparticles in zebrafish embryos under different exposure conditions

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Clemente, Z. [1, 2] ; Castro, V. L. S. S. [1] ; Moura, M. A. M. [3] ; Jonsson, C. M. [1] ; Fraceto, L. F. [2, 4]
Total Authors: 5
[1] Embrapa CNPMA, Lab Ecotoxicol & Biosseguranca, Jaguariuna, SP - Brazil
[2] Univ Estadual Campinas, Programa Posgrad Biol Func & Mol, Campinas, SP - Brazil
[3] APTA SAA, Inst Biol, Lab Ciencia Plantas Daninhas, Campinas, SP - Brazil
[4] UNESP, Dept Engn Ambiental, Sorocaba, SP - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 4
Document type: Journal article
Source: AQUATIC TOXICOLOGY; v. 147, p. 129-139, FEB 2014.
Web of Science Citations: 62

The popularity of TiO2 nanoparticles (nano-TiO2) lies in their wide range of nanotechnological applications, together with low toxicity. Meanwhile, recent studies have shown that the photocatalytic properties of this material can result in alterations in their behavior in the environment, causing effects that have not yet been fully elucidated. The objective of this study was to evaluate the toxicity of two formulations of nano-TiO2 under different illumination conditions, using an experimental model coherent with the principle of the three Rs of alternative animal experimentation (reduction, refinement, and replacement). Embryos of the fish Danio rerio were exposed for 96 h to different concentrations of nano-TiO2 in the form of anatase (TA) or an anatase/rutile mixture (TM), under either visible light or a combination of visible and ultraviolet light (UV). The acute toxicity and sublethal parameters evaluated included survival rates, malformation, hatching, equilibrium, and overall length of the larvae, together with biochemical biomarkers (specific activities of catalase (CAT), glutathione S-transferase (GST), and acid phosphatase (AP)). Both TA and TM caused accelerated hatching of the larvae. Under UV irradiation, there was greater mortality of the larvae of the groups exposed to TM, compared to those exposed to TA. Exposure to TM under UV irradiation altered the equilibrium of the larvae. Alterations in the activities of CAT and GST were indicative of oxidative stress, although no clear dose-response relationship was observed. The effects of nano-TiO2 appeared to depend on both the type of formulation and the illumination condition. The findings contribute to elucidation of the factors involved in the toxicity of these nanoparticles, as well as to the establishment of protocols for risk assessments of nanotechnology. (C) 2013 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 10/06226-2 - Evaluation of nano-TiO2 toxic effects in fish
Grantee:Vera Lucia Scherholz Salgado de Castro
Support type: Regular Research Grants